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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of New York and Brooklyn,   pp. 119-216


Page 125

THE NOVELTY WORKS.
the statutes of the State of New York, with a cash capital of $300,00n,
and they elected him their first President-which office lie filled 'tr
eight years, retiring from the concern in 1850. The management of
the works then passed into the hands of T. F. Secor, formerly of the
Morgan Iron Works, who is general agent of the company, and the
engines of the steamers Baltic, Pacific, Illinois, and Panama, may be
cited as evidence of the continued capacity of the Allaire Works to
build marine engines. The engines of the Isaac Newton, Bay State,
and Empire State, on the Hudson River and Long Island Sound;
the Western World, Metropolis, and Niagara, on Lake Erie; and the
America on Lake Champlain, were also built here.
Among the more recent productions of this establishment, may be
named the steamship Vanderbilt, as having the largest beam-engine on
a sea-going steamer-with two cylinders, each 00 inches diameter, and
12 feet stroke; the steamers Hu Quang, Po Yang, Kin Kiang, and
other vessels for the China trade. The chief work of this establishment
has been for river and ocean navigation ; but stationary engines have
also been built here, and the company points with pride to a Cornish
engine at the Cleveland (Ohio) Water Works, as a specimen of their
skill in that direction; and also to the pumping engines of New
Orleans.
A faint idea of the progressive increase'of this manufacture may be
gleaned from the fact, that while during the first year Mr. Allaire was
in business as an engine builder, he was able to complete only a single
one, now the Allaire Works occupy fifty-two lots of ground, each 25 by
100 feet, and employ about 1000 workmen, who turn out machinery
annually that is estimated to be worth one million of dollars. A large
number of men are now employed in the construction of a propeller
engine, with a cylinder 100 inches in diameter and 4 feet stroke, intended
for the double-turreted iron clad called the Puritan, one of Captain
Ericsson's vessels of the Monitor style, and ordered by the United
States Government.
The Novelty Iron Works.
ABOUT thirty-five years ago Rev. Eliphalet Nott, D. D., President of
Union College, at Schenectady, New York, who had been very success-
ful in the use of anthracite coal for warming houses, invented a boiler,
with its appurtenances, for applying that fuel, then not used for such a
purpose, to the generation of steam, and decided to test its merits fully
*by building a boat and equipping it with his improved boiler and en-
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