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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Remarkable manufacturing establishments in Philadelphia,   pp. 18-95

Page 71

The productions of this establishment comprise Marine and Stationary
Engines, Locomotives, heavy and light forgings, iron and brass cut-
tings, and a great variety of machinists' and boiler-makers' tools, but
probably the most prominent branch is the building of iron and
wooden vessels of all sizes and kinds. During the late Rebellion they
built and fitted out three vessels of the monitor class, the " Sangamon,"
" Lehigh," and " Tunxis ;" one gunboat, the " Tahoma ;" four double-
enders, the "Paul Jones," " Waterce," " Suwanee," and " Shamokin ;"
and two tugs, the " Nina" and " Pinta." During this period they also
built and launched fifty merchant vessels, in size from a tug-boat to a
steamer of nearly fifteen hundred tons; but by far the finest vessel which
has yet been launched from their ways is the " Thomas Kelso," a steamer
for the Chesapeake bay trade. A contract has been .recently made
with a gentleman of Philadelphia, to build a fast passenger and freight
steamer, to run between Philadelphia and New Castle, and which,
when completed, it is believed, will be the most rapid on the river.
Between eight and nine hundred men are employed in these Works, and
about 2,500 tons of coal and 3,000 tons of iron are annually consumed.
The firm of Reany, Son & Archbold combines, in more than an
average degree, practical experience and scientific ability. The senior
partner, Thomas Reany, was the founder of the Penn Works, previously
described, and as such, is identified with the early history and construc-
tion of Propellers in this country, while, for a period of over twenty
years, he has been a builder of marine and stationary engines and
boilers. Previous to this he was connected with the Philadelphia and
Trenton railroad, and one of the principal railroads in the State of
Georgia. Win. B. Reany, the son, served a regular apprenticeship in
the machine shop at the bench, and in the drawing-rooms of the estab-
lishment formerly named, of which his father was the founder, and for
sixteen years the senior partner. He is well known throughout the
country as a thorough and scientific engineer and practical machinist.
Samuel Archbold, the remaining partner, is also well known through-
out the country as a practical and scientific engineer. Having served
a regular apprenticeship in the shop and drawing-rooms of one of the
first establishments of the country, he soon attached himself to the
engineering department of the United States Navy. Here he obtained
such pre-eminence as a practical, efficient, and scientific engineer, that
he was ultimately recommended to and appointed as Chief of the Bureau
of Steam Engineering in the United States Navy.  This position he
filled with efficiency and success until his resignation, which was ten-
dered in order to enable him to enter upon the business of the firm of
which he is now a member.

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