Edwards, John, b. 1742 / A select collection of one hundred plates: consisting of the most beautiful, exotic and British flowers which blow in our English gardens: accurately drawn and coloured from nature, with their botanic characters, and a short account of their cultivation, their uses in medicine, with the Latin and English names
[Common German, or wild flower-de-luce; Common marshmallow], pp. Plate 1-2
TE Iris.5 7urn-.tn8.R r d L 1t6, i8 r871n1, z88. Li -Plower dec Luce, in Frencb, Flamb~e. HIS Genus of Plants is ranged in the fecond Se&ion of Tournefort's ninth Clafs, which includes the Herbs with a Lily-flower of one Leaf, cut into fix Parts, whofe Empalement becomes the Fruit. Dr. Linnaiu ranges it in the firft Se&ion of his third Clafs, which contains thofe Plants whofe Flowers have three Stamina, andl THE Specie, reprefented here, is, IRIs corrollis barbatis, caule foliis longiore multiiloro. Hort. Cl'G§1: 191 Iris with bearded Flowers, the Stalks longer than the Leaves, and having many Flowers. This is the Iris Vulgaris, Germanica five Sylveftris, C. B. P..3o. Common Germanj or Wild Flower de Luce. Mill. Gard. Did. Sp. 2. TH 18 Sort grow§ naturally in Germany, but has been long cultivated in the Engl4/h Gardens for .Orna-, inent; the Roots of this are very thick, flefhy, and divided into Joints fpreading juft under the Surface of the Ground; they are of a brownifh Colour on their outfide, but white within; the Leaves arife :n Clufters, embracing each other at their Bafe; but fpread afunder iupward in Forms of Wings ; they are a Foot and a Half long, and two Inches broad, having fliarp Edges ending in Points like Swords; the Stalks between thefe, which ate a little longer than the Leaves,. having at each Joint one Leaf without Foot Stalk; thefe diminifh in their Size upwards ; the Stalks divide into three Branches, each of which produce two or three Flowers, ofte above another, at Diftances, inclofed in a Sheath; they have three large purple,-coloured Petals which turn backwards, and are called Falls, thefe have Beards near an Inch long on their mid-Rib toward their Baf.ý, and have a fhort arched Petal which covers the Beard, with three broad ere& Petals of the fame Colour, called Standards; the Stamina lie upon the reflexed Petals. Under each 'Flower is fituated an oblong Germen, wJhich turns to a large three cornered Capfule with three Cells, filled with large compreffed Seeds; this flowers in June, and tho Seeds ripen in Augujr. Mill. Gaed. Ditd, P L A T E Ti. A L TH Ae , (Axe.,- fo called from , Gr. to heal) MARSHMALLOW. T H I S Genus of Plants is ranged, by Dr. Linneus, in the third Sedlion of his fixteenth Clafs, which is titled Monodelphia Podyandria, the Stamina being joined together and form a Sort of Column and having a great Number of Stigma, Dr. a n Royen, the late Profeffor of Botany at Leyden, titles this Clafs Columnifiera, from the male and female Parts of the Flower being joined in a Sort of Column. THIs Specie is, ALTHAA foliis fimplicibus acuminatis acute dentatis tomentofis. Marfhmallow with fingle woolly Leaves, which are indented in fharp Segments. This is the Althxea Diofcoridis & Plinii. C. B. P. , 15. Common Marfhmallow. Milt. Sp. x.
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