The book of trades; or, Familiar descriptions of the most useful trades, manufactures, and arts practised in England : and the manner in which the workmen perform their various employments.
(undated, inscribed 1829)
The tallow-chandler., p. 83
83 TIHE TALLOW-CHIANDLLE,2 WE have every reason to believe this trade is of very ancient date. In France, prior to the year 1450, the Grocers and Tallow- chandlers formed but one trade, but after- wards were divided, the Tallow-chandlers not being allowed to sell any other article than what they manufactured. In the coun- try, the trade of a Tallow-chandler is fre- quently united with that of a Soap-Boiler; but in London, they are quite distinct branches. A Tallow-chandler in London, frequently unites with his own the business of an Oilman; but those in a more extensive way, generally confine themselves to their own profession. Candles are composed of a cotton wick loosely twisted, which is dipped into the vat containing the tallow, and when cold, it is dipped again, and so continued till it becomes a proper thickness. These are termed dipped candles; the other sort, being made in a mould, are called mould candles. Rush and cotton lights, are only once dipped, and are exempted from the duty, the others being subject to a duty of one penny per pound. Those who carry on this trade, are obliged to take out an annual license, and submit to the constant visits of Excisemen.
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