The book of trades; or, Familiar descriptions of the most useful trades, manufactures, and arts practised in England : and the manner in which the workmen perform their various employments.
(undated, inscribed 1829)
The stone-mason., pp. 80-81
81 THE STONE-MASON. THE Pyramids of Egypt remain as mo- numents of the ingenuity of man; it is said to be at least three thousand years since they were erected. If we trace history, we shall find this to be one of the most ancient arts; and indeed the ancients brought it to such perfection, that we seem in the present time even desirous of imitating them. The working or cutting of stone is divided into several branches. The sculptor, or statuary, ranking among the highest. Specimens of some of our artists may be seen in St. Paul's, and other public places; but they are not generally considered much to surpass those of the sixteenth century, at which period lived MICHAEL ANGELO. When the stones are large, the business of cutting them be- longs toa stone-sawyer, while the mason is more immediately employed in hewing the stone to its proper dimension and placing it on the building. The level, square, plumb- line, bevel, compass, hammer, chisel, mallet, saw, and trowel, are the principal tools used by a Mason. Stone-Masons ge- nerally charge for their work by measure.- The journeymen usually earn about twenty- six shillings per week. This business is one of the most laborious.
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