The book of trades; or, Familiar descriptions of the most useful trades, manufactures, and arts practised in England : and the manner in which the workmen perform their various employments.
(undated, inscribed 1829)
The blacksmith., pp. 10-11
11 THE BLACKSMITH. THIS is. a laborious employment, but of great utility to society. He works on iron, which is previously made red hot by fire, and from that metal manufactures a variety of articles useful in the general business of life, and of great importance to domestic comfort. His shop contains a forge, an anvil, and block, a vice fastened to an im- moveable bench, besides hammers, tongs, files, punches, and different sorts of pinchers. The forge is the chief article; this is a sort of furnace, by means of which the iron is heated in such a manner as to become malleable, and fit to be rendered into various shapes. Behind the forge is a bellows, worked by means of a rocker, with a string or chain fastened to it, which is pulled oc- casionally, and which kindles the fire to any degree of heat that is required. Near the forge is a trough of water for the purpose of wetting the coals, to make them throw out a greater heat. Blacksmiths are the com- mon smiths; White-smiths or Bright-smiths, polish their work to a considerable nicety. Some are chiefly employed in the manufac- ture of locks and keys; and others include bell-hanging. In the sacred writings, Smiths are called "I workers in iron."
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