The book of trades; or, Familiar descriptions of the most useful trades, manufactures, and arts practised in England : and the manner in which the workmen perform their various employments.
(undated, inscribed 1829)
The book-binder., p. 7
7 THE BOOK-BINDER. AT what period Book-binding was firsr invented, cannot be ascertained; but it ap. pears, that the glue first used in fastening the leaves of a book together, was the in- vention of an Athenian, named Phillatius. The first process of binding is to fold the sheets according to the size intended by the printer, the guide for which is the signa- tures or letters placed at the bottom of cer- tain pages; the leaves are then placed to- gether, and beat with a hammer on a stone, and then sewed in a sewing press upon cords or packthreads, called bands, which is, as also the folding, principally performed by women, The bands are drawn through -holes in the boards, which is afterwards beat flat down, the book is then pressed be- tween two boards and the edges cu-t in what is called a plough; the mill-boards are squared with iron sheers; and the edges sprinkled. The book is now ready for covering, which may be done in calf, or any other leather, by wetting it in water; then cutting it to the size, it must be pasted and pulled tight over the boards and put in a press, the back being warmed by the fire, and rubbed down witha bodkin; afterpast- ing down the linings, the book is polished.
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