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Bigelow, Jacob, 1786-1879 / American medical botany, being a collection of the native medicinal plants of the United States, containing their botanical history and chemical analysis, and properties and uses in medicine, diet and the arts, with coloured engravings
Vol. I (1817)

Cicuta maculata, American hemlock,   pp. Plate XII-132 ff.


Page [125]

 
CICUTA MACULATA. 
               American Hemlock. 
                   'LAITE XM. 
    IT is a rule sanctioned by the observations of 
medical botanists, that umbelliferous plants, which 
grow in or about the water, are of a poisonous na. 
ture. This rule will generally be found correct, al- 
though it has exceptions. As far as aquatic plants 
of this natural order have been examined, their 
properties, in a great majority of instances, havo 
been found, more or less of a deleterious kind. 
The Cicuta virosa of Europe is a highly poisonous 
plant, possessing such formidable activity that its 
internal use is hardly attempted in medicine. An 
American species, the Cicuta maculata, the sub- 
ject of this article, is very closely allied in its bo- 
tanical habit to the European plant, and was equal- 
ly deserving of suspicion from its appearance, al- 
though the public were not generally aware of its 
true character. Within a few years past, several 


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