Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813. / American ornithology; or The natural history of the birds of the United States
Genus 46. Hirundo. Swallow. Species 1. H. purpurea. Purple martin, pp. -411
GENUS 46. HIRUNDO. SWALLOW. SPECIES 1. H. PURPUREd. PUJRPLE MARTIN. [Plate XXXIX.-Fig. 1, Male.-Fig. 2, Female.J LATH. Syn. IV, p. 57-4, 21. Ibid. iv, p. i75,23.-(CATESB. Car. 1, 51 -.drct. Zool. ii, .No. 333. --Hirondelle blea(ele la Caroline, BUFF. VI, p. 674. Pl. Enl. 722.-Le Martinet couleur de p upre, BUFF. vI, p. 676.-ruR -r Syst. 629.-EDAW. I 20.-HirJundo subis, LATH. IV, P. 5-5-24.--PkA.E's Muiseuwn, X0V. , 645, 7646.* THIS well known bird is a general inhabitant of the United States, and a particular favourite wherever he takes up his abode. I never met with more than one man who disliked the Martins and would not permit them to settle about his house. This was a penurious close-fisted German, who hated them because, as he said, " they eat his peas. " I told him he must certainly be mistaken, as I never knew an instance of Martins eating peas; but he replied with coolness that he had many times seen them himself "' blaying near the hife, and going schtuip, schnap," by which I understood that it was his bees that had been the suf- ferers; and the charge could not be denied. This sociable and half domesticated bird arrives in the south- ern frontiers of the United States late in February or early in March; reaches Pennsylvania about the first of April, and ex- tends his migrations as far north as the country round Hudson's Bay, where he is first seen in May, and disappears in August: DWe add the following syno1)mrnes:-!Jirundo pirpurea, fmINN. SySt. r, p. 341. -GM.EL. Syst. 1, s. 102O.-Ifiridlo c'rul1a, Vi }il, Oic (le Sp Pm h p)! )5, mnale~ pI 27, fninate.
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