Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813. / American ornithology; or The natural history of the birds of the United States
Species 2. Tanagra æstiva. Summer red-bird, pp. -218
SPEBCIES 2. T.EdNaGRa CESTIVE. SUMMER RED-BIRD. [Plate VI.-Fig. 3, Male. Fig. 4, Female.] Tanagra Jississippensis, LATH. Imd. Orn. I, 421, 5.-Mexican Tanager, LATHAM, Syn. III, 219, 5, B.-Tanagra variegata, Ind. Orn. i, 421, 6.-Tanagra wesliva, Id. Orn. I, 422, 7.- JVuscicapa rubra, LINN. Syst. i, 326, 8.-BLUFF. VI, 252. P1. Enl. 741 .-CATESB. Car. 1, 56.-Merula flammula, Sandhill Red- bird, BARTRAM, 299.-PEALE S .Museum, .No. 6134. THE change of colour which this bird is subject to during the first year, and the imperfect figure first given of it by Cates- by, have deceived the European naturalists so much, that four different species have been formed out of this one, as appears by the above synonymes, all of which are referable to the pre- sent species, the Summer Red-bird. As the female differs so much in colour from the male, it has been thought proper to represent them both; the female having never to my knowledge appeared in any former publication; and all the figures of the other, that I have seen, being little better than caricatures, from which a foreigner can form no just conception of the ori- ginal. The male of the Summer Red-bird (fig. 3.) is wholly of a rich vermilion colour, most brilliant on the lower parts, except the inner vanes and tips of the wings, which are of a dusky brown; the bill is disproportionably large, and inflated, the upper mandible furnished with a process, and the whole bill of a yel- lowish horn colour; the legs and feet are light blue, inclining to purple; the eye large, the iris of a light hazel colour; the length of the whole bird seven inches and a quarter, and between the tips of the expanded wings twelve inches. The female (fig.
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