Chapman, J.G. (John Gadsby), 1808-1889. / The American drawing-book: a manual for the amateur, and basis of study for the professional artist: especially adapted to the use of public and private schools, as well as home instruction.
(1870 [1873 printing])
Contents, pp. [unnumbered]-viii
viii C 0 N T E N T S. ers. - 26. Scrapers. - 27. Dry Pointed Lines. - 29. To Set the Etching-Point. - 30. The Graver. - 31. To Temper Gravers, etc. - 32. Artists' Etchings. - Of Tools and Facilities for Etching. - 33. Of Photograph- ic Etching or Drawing. - 34. The Process of Etch- ing on Copper applicable to all Metals. - 35. To the Ornamental Arts. - 36. Soft Ground Etching.- 37. Etching and Drawing on Stone. - 38. ENGRAVING IN AQUATINT. - 39. Z*fezzotint Engraving. - 40. Its Character.- 41. Process. - 42. Roulettes and Sha- ding Tools. - 43. To Lay a Ground.-44. Relative Ad- vantages of Steel and Copper Plates. - 45. Engraving in Line and Stipple. -46. ENGRAVING ON WOOD. - Character of Drawing Requisite. - 47. Tools em- ployed. - 48. To take a Proof~ - 49. Working by Lamp-Light. - 50. Conclusion.............PAGE 253 CHAPTER X. OF MODELLING. Modelling.-2. In all its Applications to Design similar Principles to those o~Drawing and Painting involved. - 3. Requirement of General Education by Artists. - Means of its Attainment. - 4. Modelling in Clay- Tools, etc. - 5. Wax. -6. Terra-Cotta. - 7. Of " the Round" and "Reliefs."- 8. Requisites in Modelling.- 9. Process of a Model for Sculpture. - 10. Of Braces and Supports.- 11. The Naked Figure.- 12. Reliefs. - 13. Moulding and Casting. - 14. Value and Ap- plication of the Galvano-Plastic Process. - 15. Of Medals. - 16. Architectural Models. - 17. Import- ance of Modelling to Mechanics as well as Artists. - 18. The Elementary Instruction in Design requisite for Mechanics similar to that necessary for Artists . . 279 CHAPTER XI. OF COMPOSITION. I. Composition. - 2. Its General Application. - 3, 4, 5. General Principles. - 6. Exemplification.-Both Ap- plicable and Requisite in all Subjects. - 8. Of Por- traiture. - 9. Landscape. - 10. Compositions should be Consistent with Nature. - 11. Classification of Styles. - 12. Their Application. -13. Of the Shapes of Pictures. -14. Difficulty of Classifying many Compositions. - 15. Stu~dy of Approved Works recom- mended. - 16. Of Books and Theories - Self-Reli- ance. - 17. Practical Methods and Expedients usually employed in the Execution of Original Compositions.- 18. Of the Sketch. - 19. Changes and Experiments. - 20. Of Method, etc. - 21. The Model and Appro- priation of Study of Nature - Expedients. - 22. Pragtical Difficulties in working from a Model. - 23. Means of Obviating them. - 24. Misleading Tenden- cies experienced by Beginners -particularly in Regard to Color. - 25. Of Cartoons for Oil-Pictures. - 26. Of Artificial Models. - 27. No one Method available in all Cases. - 28. Of Style and Manner. --29. The Practices of the Masters in Art. - Their Appropria- tion of the Excellence of Others. - Importance of a good Beginning.-Their Biographies afford useful Sug- gestions to the Student. - 30. Advice to the American Art-Student. - 31. To Teachers. - Conclusion. . . . 287
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