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The craftsman
Vol. XVII, Number 3 (December 1909)

Inexpensive cement construction for summertime and week-end cottages that the owner may erect for himself,   pp. 315-320 PDF (2.3 MB)


Page 316


INEXPENSIVE CRAFTSMAN CEMENT BUNGALOWS
partitions.  All the structural beams,
with the exceptions of the girders and
joists, are smoothed, stained and oiled be-
fore they are put into the building to pre-
vent the cement from staining them.
   When the skeleton of a house is up the
metal lath is nailed with large nails to the
outside of the studs so that it forms a
continuous sheet from the rafters to be-
low the grade level. In the same way it
is nailed to the studs of the partitions,
care being taken that the living room par-
titions show the studs as do the outside
walls of that room. At the chimney the
ends of the lath are fastened to the stone
work with wedges. When this has been
done a coat of the prepared cement mor-
tar, an inch in thickness, is applied to the
inside of the lath between the studs, and
allowed to set for two days. A second
coat, also an inch thick, is then laid on
the outside surface of the laths as far
down as the lower edge of the girders,
and the piers are also covered with ce-
ment. This leaves strips of the metal,
six inches wide, between the piers filling
up the open space between the ground
and the floor so that nothing can get be-
neath the house. This metal may be
painted to match the color chosen for the
316
       ONE-STORY BUNGALOW, BUILT OF CEMENT
       MORTAR OVER TRUSS METAL LATHS.
roof and it has the anDearance of a lat-
ticed foundation.
  The rafters are sheathed with V-jointed
boards, dressed, and finished on the under
side. These boards make the only ceil-
ing to the house. Above the sheathing is
laid the roofing, the strips running at
right angles to the ridge pole.     The
junctures of the strips are made water
tight with cement and the edges are bat-
tened down over the verge boards with
two-inch wooden strips. At the ends of
the rafters the roofing is turned over the
sheathing and firmly tacked in place with
big headed nails. The house is now prac-
tically finished both inside and out. With-
in, all the structural beams are left ex-
posed. These are smoothed, oiled and
stained, and nothing more needs to be done
with them. The doors and windows must
be hung and there is some little sheathing
of closets, but otherwise the house is com-
plete and ready for occupancy.
  In the section drawing we see the end
of the kitchen and of the living room,
with the big chimney which contains also
the flue of the kitchen range. The shelf
on the chimneypiece is simply a thick


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