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The craftsman
Vol. XVII, Number 3 (December 1909)

Stickley, Gustav
Rapid growth of the garden city movement, which promises to reorganize social conditions all over the world,   pp. 296-310 PDF (5.4 MB)


Page 309


    GROWTH OF THE GARDEN CITY MOVEMENT
orate as one may wish,-provided always it conforms in style to the
general appearance of the village,-there is group after group of
workmen's cottages for which the rent averages six shillings, or about
one dollar and fifty cents, a week. These cottages are well planned,
well built and thoroughly sanitary, comfortable and convenient as
well as beautiful to look at. Sometimes there will be a row of three
or four under a superb sweep of roof, terminating with large gables
which form the roofs of the cottages at either end. Again a group
will be adjusted so that it occupies a corner to the best advantage,
or a larger group may surround the three sides of a quadrangle
with the garden in the center. Wherever it is possible these grouped
buildings have certain conveniences to be used in common, such as
the laundry, drying room or bakehouse, and the intention is to increase
the scope and effectiveness of these co~3perative features as rapidly
as is found feasible.
   Also there are buildings that are frankly communal in their
nature, while at the same time preserving the freedom and privacy
of individual life. One large quadrangle, designed by M. H. Baillie
Scott, affords accommodation for sixty self-supporting women, each
one of whom has her own little self-contained apartment where she
can "keep house" to her heart's content and yet, if she chooses,
avail herself of the convenience of having her main meal cooked
and ready for her when she comes home after a day's work. Another
large building is for young men, who live there as students might at
college and enjoy in common their garden, balconies and the com-
munity rooms that are free to the whole building. Still another
building is devoted to single-room tenements, each intended for one
or two persons only, whose means do not permit a larger establish-
ment. Each tenement consists of one room with an a cove for the
bed and washing apparatus, a scullery, coal cupboard, larder, ash
bin and cupboards. This building occupies three sides of a quad-
rangle, in the center of which is the common garden. In the corner
of this quadrangle lives the porter, who looks after the baths, the
ovens, the washing troughs and the drying closets, for all that requires
much heat or causes steam or odors is done in rooms especially set
apart for such uses.
    The churches, schools, club houses, workshops and other com-
munity buildings are being put up as rapidly as possible and yet the
work cannot keep pace with the need and the demand. When it is
remembered that a large part of the dwellers in this suburb are work-
ing people from the heart of London, whose means would allow
them only one or two tenement rooms in the most crowded districts
of the city, it is possible to realize what such a suburb means. Walk-
                                                              309


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