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The craftsman
Vol. XVII, Number 3 (December 1909)

Stickley, Gustav
Rapid growth of the garden city movement, which promises to reorganize social conditions all over the world,   pp. 296-310 PDF (5.4 MB)


Page 306


    GROWTH OF THE GARDEN CITY MOVEMENT
sharing in the advantages of all profits and also for security against
loss in the event of death or removal. Without them the garden city
movement would hardly have developed as rapidly as it has, but
with them there is practically no limit to its far-reaching influence.
   Next to the Garden City at Letchworth, which shows the entire
feasibility of the idea of establishing an independent and self-contained
industrial city, built de novo out in the open country and having
room among its industries for agriculture, perhaps the best example
of the development of the garden village theory is found in the Hamp-
stead Garden Suburb, which has grown so swiftly that it might
almost be said to have sprung up over night. Two years ago the
ground upon which it stands was unbroken; now the beautiful and
busy little town, planned like Letchworth by Messrs. Barry Parker
and Raymond Unwin, looks as if it had been there for years. It
stands upon the old estate of Wyldes, just north of Hampstead Heath
on the outskirts of London, and was created to put within the reach
of working people the opportunity of living in a pleasant country
village within a twopenny fare of London and having a comfortable
cottage at a moderate rent. The promoters of the Hampstead Gar-
den Suburb are all people interested in the question of better housing
in England and many of them are among the original promoters of
the Garden City at Letchworth. They hold the belief that if the
opportunity were once provided for working people to live under
better conditions it would be eagerly seized, and their belief has been
fully justified by the event. Every house in the suburb was sold
or rented before the first stone of the foundation was laid, and it is
probable that it will reach the prescribed population limit of twelve
thousand within the next year or two.
   Hampstead Garden Suburb, which may be taken as a fair example
of all the garden villages and suburbs developed in England within
the past five or six years, has been planned in a wise and far-sighted
manner. The Wyldes estate, which was formerly the property of
Eton College, contains about two hundred and forty acres. Of
this, eighty acres have been set aside for an extension to that historic
bit of common land known as Hampstead Heath, which means that
it will be preserved as an open space. This tract forms a broad
tongue of land extending into the heart of the estate and all the re-
maining land has been laid out upon a coherent and well-considered
lan, as a garden suburb. The larger houses, each one surrounded
y a garden from one to three acres in extent, lie to the south, many
of them fronting upon the Hampstead Heath extension, and beyond
that less ambitious houses are built upon smaller plots for people of
lesser means. The northern part of the tract is given over to the
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