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The craftsman
Vol. XVII, Number 3 (December 1909)

Stickley, Gustav
Rapid growth of the garden city movement, which promises to reorganize social conditions all over the world,   pp. 296-310 PDF (5.4 MB)


Page 305


GROWTH OF THE GARDEN CITY MOVEMENT
'U-
DWELLINGS GROUPED AROUND A QUADRANGLE:
DESIGNED BY GEOFFRY LUCAS, A.R.I.B.A.
that is planned as a whole and built without the disadvantage of
having to overcome bad existing conditions. This means a great
saving from the beginning and, as ground rents are all based upon
the original value of the land and the greater part of the revenue derived
from the rental of buildings is applied to the improvement of the town,
the shareholding tenants naturally receive pretty good returns from their
investment. The Copartnership Tenants' Societies are cooperative
associations which build and own cottage property developed on garden
village lines and held in common by the society. They arethe latest out-
come of the cooperative idea which in its youth, in the days of Robert
Owen, dreamedof the ideal community, but the communities that
attempted to put it into effect failed because they were the result
of despair with general conditions rather than of any hope of altering
them. They were to be a refuge from the world and were to be self-
supporting. The modern Tenants' Society recognizes itself to be
only a part of the larger community and is based upon the truth that
the recognition of obligations toward one's neighbors develops the
spirit of citizenship toward the larger whole. There are already
in England ten of these societies, affiliated with a central society
which organizes all the business dealings. This central society has,
for example, a central trading department which enables the affiliated
societies to pool their orders and buy their building materials more
advantageously in bulk than would be possible if they worked in-
dependently, to avail themselves of the services of the best architects
and builders, and to do everything on a large scale. All the tenants
are shareholders and the rules of the society provide for an equitable
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