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The craftsman
Vol. XVII, Number 3 (December 1909)

Stickley, Gustav
Rapid growth of the garden city movement, which promises to reorganize social conditions all over the world,   pp. 296-310 PDF (5.4 MB)

Page 302

                               A PAIR OF COTTAGES IN ERSKINE ROAD: DESIGNED
                               MICHAEL BUNNEY AND C. C. MAKINS, AA.R.I.B.A.
ment for more than a century, for in seventeen hundred and seventy-
five Thomas Spence, in a lecture read before the Philosophical Society
in Newcastle, outlined what is now the basic principle in the creation of
ýgarden cities, villages and suburbs upon a cobperative basis. The
id not appeal to the conservative British mind and the daring re-
former was sufficiently in advance of his age to incur the penalty
of expulsion from the body of learned men of which he was a mem-
ber. The plans for civic improvement, however, proved more pop-
ular both in Great Britain and on the Continent, for the gradual
transformation of Paris began over sixty years ago; it is forty years
since the slums disappeared from Berlin, and since that time eighty-
eight acres in the center of Glasgow have been remodeled. Bir-
mingham    has transformed ninety-three acres of wretched slums
into broad streets and stately buildings, and Vienna has been sur-
rounded with a magnificent ring of parks and avenues and will
shortly undergo a thorough remodeling in the more crowded parts
of the city.
    The reason why all these reforms have failed to put a different
face upon present-day social conditions is that they have been carried
on by governments, cities, philanthropical societies and large bus-
iness organizations. Beyond paying the taxes necessary to carry out
public improvements, the people have had no share in them nor
have they been consulted in any way. Therefore, although all the
preliminary steps have been taken to bring about a thorough-go-
ing reform, the necessity for making some definite and persistent

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