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The craftsman
Vol. VII, No. 5 (February 1905)

Memorable in the magazines,   pp. 621-625 PDF (1.5 MB)

Page 625

            MEMORABLE IN
tried to make a lawyer of him, then a
bookseller. In both places he simply drew
pictures-these were caricatures. When
Louis Philippe came to the throne of
France, Daumier had become a revolu-
tionist, he had also become a Titan of
laughter.  He caricatured the king and
his satellites. The consequence was that
he was imprisoned for six months in Ste.
P61agie. This incident, placing him as
it did on the martyr's throne, was his
great advertisement. When laws were
made under the new king curtailing the
press, Balzac   spoke  his indignation,
Daumier pictured his.   Both had their
effect. The drawings of Daumier are
improvisations, but with a brutal force
that reminds us of the very great in art.
His drawings show marks of the tran-
sitory and the eternal. Often the grand-
iloquence of Balzac, the magnificence of
Hugo and the biting sarcasms of Mo-
lire are shown in these drawings. His
most active period was from 1850 to I866.
In spite of the multitude of his works,
Daumier did not make money. In his last
years, he was cared for by friends, particu-
larly Corot, who gave him a house at Val-
mondois. Here he was happy in the midst
of friends.    Here he died in 1879.
Guillaume Sulpice Chevalier Gavarni was
born January 13, 1804, in Paris. He is
the Raphael of caricaturists and forms a
contrast to Daumier.     His works are
numerous, 2,700 original lithographs with
2,000 on wood and stone and steel. Be-
sides he did much writing and published
many papers and poems. He almost sur-
passed the tailors and modistes in the in-
vention of fashions. He was himself a
kind of Beau Brummel for style. Gavarni
did very little in political caricature. His
earlier works are gay, dainty and joyous;
but later in life, he became misanthropic,
and his later works show a morose satire.
He clung to the type rather than the
individual.  Gavarni was essentially a
creator.    He died of consumption in
   The Oak-Leaf is a tiny magazine pub-
 lished by the Nashville Art Club. One
 paragraph is on appreciation. No wonder
 that Millais was a genius, since his father
 possessed "the highest of human qualities
 -the power of appreciation."  The next
 is on environment. Art pervades life as
 light pervades the air. Art is a process of
 selection. Some advice on city decoration
 is excellent, an appeal to Nashville for its
 own decoration is more excellent.
    The Southern Workman has a valuable
 article, "Teaching Farming in the Philip-
 pines," by the supervisor of schools in the
 Island of Ceb6i. The vast possibilities for
 farming in the Philippines are given and
 the need of instruction in their farming.

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