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The craftsman
Vol. V, No. 4 (January 1904)

James, George Wharton
The Franciscan mission builders of California,   pp. 321-335 PDF (4.7 MB)

Page 323

events, majestic participants, totally differ-
ing consequences. On the Atlantic, Patrick
Henry, Payne, Jefferson, Washington, Ben-
edict Arnold, Andr6, Howe, Cornwallis,
Burgoyne, Continentals, English, Hessians,
Bunker Hill, Boston Bay, Trenton, York-
town, the Declaration of Independence, the
abolishment of the colonies, the birth of the
United States: all these are keywords and
names which bring before us the greatest
history-making epochs of that century.
   On the Pacific, names and events, less
important, yet full of dignity and power:
Serra, Crespi, Palou, Portala, Fages, San
Diego, San Francisco, Monterey, San Gab-
riel Archangel, San Juan Capistrano, and
the aborigines of a score of different lin-
guistic families.
  The briefest historical outline of the
founding of the missions is all that can be
given here. The Jesuits had planted mis-
sions in Baja (Lower) California, now
known to us as the Peninsula, and belonging
to Mexico. In the religious controversies
of the time the Jesuits were expelled from
Mexico. The Dominicans and Franciscans
were allowed to remain. To them naturally
fell the care of the deserted Missions, and
the work of founding others already pro-
jected. To the Franciscans Alta (upper)
California, or what is now the state of Cali-
fornia, was allotted. In the search for a
suitable president, the choice of the College
of San Fernando, in the City of Mexico (the
head of the Franciscan order in the new
world), fell upon Padre Junipero Serra, a

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