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Barber, Edwin Atlee, 1851-1916 / Tulip ware of the Pennsylvania-German potters : an historical sketch of the art of slip-decoration in the United States

Chapter I: The settlement of eastern Pennsylvania by the Germans,   pp. [9]-16

Page 13

This alarm was excited anew with the renewal of large ar-
rivals, and on October 14, 1727, the Provincial Council
adopted a resolution to the effect that all masters of vessels
importing Germans and other foreigners should prepare a
list of such persons, their occupations, and place whence they
came, and further that the said foreigners should sign a dec-
laration of allegiance and subjection to the king of Great
Britain, and of fidelity to the Proprietary of Pennsylvania.
The first oath was taken in the court-house at Philadelphia,
September 21, 1727, by 1o9 Palatines.
"The above-mentioned lists contain the names of the
vessels and their captains, the port from which they last
sailed, and the date of arrival in Philadelphia. They also
give in many cases the native country of the voyagers, not,
however, with much detail, or so constantly as ve could wish
* * *. On September 12, 1734, one ship's company of 263
is composed of Schwenckfelders. In 1735 we find Palatines
and Switzers, and on August 26th, Switzers from Berne.
* * * The lists for 1749 and 1754 are especially full in
this respect, and under date of the arrival of each ship the
fatherland of the new arrivals is given variously as Wiirtem-
berg, Erbach, Alsace, Zweibriicken, the Palatinate, Nassau,
Hanau, Darmstadt, Basel, Mannheim, Mentz, Westphalia,
Hesse, Switzerland, and, once only, Hamburg, Hannover
and Saxony * * *."
"The earliest arrivals of the people with whom we have
to do in this book remained in Germantown, Philadelphia,
or the immediate vicinity. Shortly after the beginning of
the new century they began to penetrate the dense forests
which then covered the present counties of Montgomery,
Lancaster and Berks. As the lands nearest to Philadelphia
became gradually taken up, the settlers were forced to make
their way further and further to the West. When no more
lands remained on this side of the Susquehanna, the Ger-

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