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Barber, Edwin Atlee, 1851-1916 / Tulip ware of the Pennsylvania-German potters : an historical sketch of the art of slip-decoration in the United States
(1903)

Chapter I: The settlement of eastern Pennsylvania by the Germans,   pp. [9]-16


Page 12

TULIP WARE
into Pennsylvania between the years 1683 and 1775. We
may divide this period into three parts: First, from 1683 to
1710, or from the founding of Germantown to the coming of
the Swiss Mennonites; second, from 1710 to 1727, the year
when the immigration assumed large proportions and when
official statistics began to be published; the third period ex-
tends to the outbreak of the Revolution, which put an end
to all immigration for a number of years. During the first
of the above periods the numbers were very small; the second
period marks a considerable increase in numbers, which dur-
ing the third period swell to enormous size * * *."
"The second period begins with the advent of the Swiss
Mennonites in 1710 * * *. About this very time began
the settlement of Lancaster county by Swiss Mennonites
*  *  *. In the archives of Amsterdam we find a letter of
thanks to Holland written by Martin Kiindig, Hans Herr,
Christian Herr, Martin Oberholtzer, Martin Meili and Jacob
Miller. This letter was dated June 27, 1710, and states that
they were about to start for the New World. October 23d
of the same year we find a patent for ten thousand acres of
land on Pequea Creek, Conestogoe (later a part of Lancaster
county, which was not organized till 1729), made out in the
names of Hans Herr and Martin Kiindig, who acted as
agents of their countrymen, some of whom had already ar-
rived, and others of whom were to come. No sooner had
these first settlers become established than Martin Kiindig
was sent back to Germany and Switzerland to bring over
those who wished to share their fortune in what was then an
impenetrable forest, but is now known as the garden-spot of
the United States, Lancaster county * * *."
"The third period, which we shall now discuss, is marked
by the fact that we have an official record of all those who
entered at the port of Philadelphia. We have seen that in
1717 the large influx of foreigners excited serious alarm.
I12


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