Thornton, Robert John (1768?-1837) / Temple of Flora, or, Garden of the botanist, poet, painter, and philosopher.
Group of Roses.
GROUP OF ROSES. As Spring advances, the flower of the greatest beauty appears, the Rose, equally prized in every quarter of the globe, which in its wild state has five heart-shaped petals of a delicate blush, and beautifully veined, a calyx of singular construction, being urn-shaped, and the upper part shooting out into five rays, or segments, whereof three of them are beautifully fringed. The sta- mina are numerous, and inserted into the calyx, and the pistilla are also several, inserted into the calyx; hence it comes under Class XII. ICOSANDRIA, Order V. POLYGYNIA, of Linnaeus. Roses are white, red, and yellow, arid have pinnated leaves, ending in an odd one, and owe much to cultivation, losing thereby their stamina and pistilla, and multiplying in an infinite degree the petals; hence they become monsters (beautiful ones); and we have here represented the white, the damask, and the moss-rose, and variegated, and added the Dog-rose, to shew the primitive state of this lovely flower. In the East, where every thing is, from the fervor of a lively imagination, painted in hierogly- phic characters, the return of the Nightingale from Egypt to Persia, and the flowering of the Rose, at precisely the same period, gave rise, most probably, to the hybrid, so frequently described in Oriental poetry. Thus the sweet NIGHTINGALE, in eastern bowers9 On quivering pinion woos the QUEEN OF FLOWERS; Inhales her fragrance as he hangs in air, And melts with melody the blushing Fair;- To the soft Zephyrs, sweet-warbling as they move, In songs of love HE thrills the vocal grove. Departing Evening stays her beamy star, And still Night lingers in his ebon car: While on white wings descending Houries throng, And drink the floods of odour and of song. DARWIN. Both the Swallow and Nightingale in the winter months retire to Egypt. Anacreon thus ad- dresses the Swallow: ODE TO THE SWALLOW. Once in each revolving year, Gentle bird! we find thee here; When Nature wears her summer vest, Thou com'st to weave thy simple nest; But when the chilling winter lowers, Again thou seek'st the genial bowers Of Memphis, or the shores of Nile, Where constant hours of verdure smile. That the Nightingale retires to Egypt is confirmed by SONNINI in his Travels into Upper and Lower Egypt. "I met," says this traveller, "with several Nightingales, who frequent the most shady thickets in the vicinity of the water. They are silent in Egypt, which they leave in Spring, to warble out their songs of love, and hail her arrival in other countries."-They reach Italy usually
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