Speltz, Alexander / Styles of ornament: exhibited in designs, and arranged in historical order, with descriptive text.
The Etruscan ornament, pp. -Plate 32.
THE ETRUSCAN ORNAMENT. 5* truscan was the name given to a people who lived in what is now called Tuscany at the time when Rome was founded. It is impossible to trace the origin of their descent, but it appears as if they had wandered down from the north, and took forcible possession of the country about the year ioo.o B. C. in which they afterwards Scene of a banquet settled and which was inhabited by non (Marta, l'art etrusque). Ayrian Ligurian Nanaturian and other races. The period of the highest develop ment of the Etruscans dates from 8oo to 400 B. C. They were s~ju~t~i~ by the Romans, after which they gradually disappear from history, the only traces of their once having existed being some few architectural monuments, chiefly tombs, which have come down to us. Although the monuments left behind by the Etruscans show most decided traces of Grecian influence, still, the hypothesis that the Etruscans were of Grecian origin cannot be accepted on that account. The racial differences between them and the Grecians were so marked, they were so totally different in their physical constitution fro the latter, that it is impossible to regard the Etruscans as of origin. It is possible that in their wanderings towards Italy they came into intimate contact with the Grecians, and thus brought with them the elements of Grecian art into their adopted country. Theif art was in all probability subject to influences proceeding from Phoenicia and Carthage, but more especially to ancient Ionic influence. They understood, however, how to change all these influences in such a way as to give them the stamp of their own national art. At the period of their subjugation by the Romans, the Etruscans had brought their own art to such a high state of development that it was able to exercise ~n influence by no means small on the development of Roman art which was at that time in its infancy. Roman art came afterwards, of course, entirely under the influence of Grecian art.
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