Jones, Inigo, 1573-1652; Charleton, Walter, 1619-1707; Webb, John, 1611-1672 / The most notable antiquity of Great Britain, vulgarly called Stone-Heng, on Salisbury Plain, restored, by Inigo Jones ... To which are added, the Chorea gigantum, or Stone-Heng restored to the Danes, by Doctor Charleton; and Mr. Webb’s Vindication of Stone-Heng restored, in answer to Dr. Charleton’s reflections; with observations upon the orders and rules of architecture in use among the ancient Romans. Before the whole are prefixed, certain memoirs relating to the life of Inigo Jones; with his effigies, engrav’d by Hollar; as also Dr. Charleton’s, by P. Lombart; and four new views of Stone-Heng, in its present situation: with above twenty other copper-plates, and a compleat index to the entire collection
Stone-Heng restored, pp. 1-72 ff.
2S T N E"H E N GReflored. of Antiquity, it is far eafter"(as Camden very well obfcrves) to re- fute and contradiCt a falfe, than to fet down a true and certain Ke- folution. For mine own part, in what I fihall here deliver, I in- tend not to fruggle againft any Opinion commonly and long fince received. Let every Man judge as it pleafeth him. What Opinion foever the Reader inclines to, I fhall not make much material, my Aim being, a Defire only to vindicate, as much as in me lies, the Founders of this venerable Antiquity from Oblivion, and to make the Truth, as far forth as poffibly I may, appear to all Men. Several Writers, both Strangers, and our own Countrymen, have treated of Stone-Heng. Before recite whofe Opinions, I think not amifs to feek this Subje& from the moft ancient Times, endeavour- ing thereby to give Satisfaion, whether or no the Druids, alias Druide, in Authors indilferently written, and in old Time the riefls of the Britains and Gauls,) or the ancient Britains, for the Druids Ufe, might not be the Founders of fo notable a Monument; which if they were, there is then no Caufe why beftow farther Study or Pains, in fearching who the Founders were, but acquiefce in the Honour of our own Nation's firft Eredion of it. As far neverthelcfs, as from Hifory, ancient or modern, may be gathered, there is little Likelihood of any fuch Matter, confidering efpecially what the Druids were5 alfo, what fmall Experience the Britains, anciently inhabiting this Ifle, had, in Knowledge of what- cver Arts, much lefs of Building, with like Elegancy and Propor- tion, fuch goodly Works as Stone-Heng. Concerning the Druids in the firft Place; true it is, they are re- ported in ancient Times to have been in great Efteem in this Ifland, where their Difcipline and Manner of Learning was fuppofed to be firit invented, and from hence tranflated into Gaul. Di~fciplina in ofar.cmto. Britannia reperta (faith Cefar) atque inde id Galliam tranflata effe exiflimatur. They are faid in like manner to have ordered and difpofed all divine Matters, as well in relation to their feveral Kinds of Sacrifices, as to expounding whatever Rites of their idolatrous pri., U. .6. Superftition; infomuch, you may call them (if you pleafe) the Bi- fhops and Clergy of that Age. Their Power moreover, and Preheminence, was not confined within the ftri& Limits of facred Matters, bUt enjoying a more large Prerogative, temporal Negotiations, and-Affairs of State were tranfafed by them: The managing of Peace and War was ufually remitted to their Authority, even when Armies were ready to join SM4. 46. 4. in Battel. fPublica iis (faith Strabo) & privatajudicia committun- tur, & aliquando caufis bellorum di~feptandis jam acie congrefuros c,,(r. ub. 6. compofuerunt. Judges they were (faith Cefaralfo) in almofL all ci- vil and criminal Caufes: Sentence they gave in Cafe of Life and Death: Decide they did, Controverfies and Debates betwixt Party and Party: Finally, whatever elfe was requifite and convenient to keep the People in due Obedience to their Princes, they wholly took the Care and Charge of. Thefe were the main'.ffairs wherein the Employment of the Druids confifted, and whereunto they wholly addided themfelves. Whofoever defitres to know more of them, may read Cefar, Dio- durus Siculus, Strabo, Vliny, Diogenes Laertius, Ammianus Mar- z ce/linus,
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