Sloan, Samuel, 1815-1884 / Sloan's homestead architecture, containing forty designs for villas, cottages, and farm houses, with essays on style, construction, landscape gardening, furniture, etc. etc.
Design XXVIII.: a large northern farm-house, pp. 212-218 ff.
A LARGE NORTHERN FARM-HOUSE. 215 the walls frequently suffer from the burrowing of ~rermin. The remedy for this is to project a footing course on each side of the wall, to the width of four or six inches, and fill all the interstices with liquid mortar; animals attempting to burrow beneath a wall enter close alongside of the base, but they meet an impenetrable barrier in the projection above described. Such projections as these are very necessary in yield- ing ground, forming as they do a wider base for the support of the superincumbent wall, and distributing the weight over a greater amount of bearing surface. Sometimes, in building country houses, it happens that the proprietor of the land has timber of his own available for carpentry, that is, for joists, rafters, studding, etc.; indeed, in well-timbered regions, such as are found in parts of nearly all the States, a man may build a very fine house without the impor- tation of any portion of the wood, either for the framing or joinery. In connection with this fact, it is proper to say that too much attention cannot be given to seasoning all wood intended to enter into the construction either of skeleton or finish of dwelling- houses. We have sometimes seen trees cut down, sawed up, and the joists and scantling made from them performing their office within the lapse of a sin- gle week. This is a very great error, and those who commit it are only to be excused on the ground of urgent necessity. All timber should have a full year to season in, after leaving the saw-mill; and in order to insure the most thorough seasoning, all the advant- ages of a free circulation of air should be given it, by inserting cross-slats or "sticks" between the dif- ferent layers of scantling or plank, after the well-
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