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Repton, Humphry, 1752-1818 / Sketches and hints on landscape gardening : collected from designs and observations now in the possession of the different noblemen and gentlemen, for whose use they were originally made : the whole tending to establish fixed principles in the art of laying out ground

[Concerning water. cont.],   pp. 31-32 ff.

Page 32

a similar effect on every person who first sees it, I must explain the causes
of the deceptio
First. The net fence, through which the water appears, is so near the windows,
that by the laws
' of perspective (of which I will explain some general rules in the sequel),
it acts as a false standard,
' and by it we measure the size of the pool. It was for this reason that
I desired some cattle might be
dIriven on the banks, which, as I have elsewhere shown,* are the best standard
for assisting the
'judgment with respect to the distance, and of course the dimensions, of
other objects.
Secondly. The pool is almost circular, and the eye darts round its border
with such instantaneous,
imperceptible velocity, that it is impossible to suppose its circumference
to be nearly a mile,
unless we can see cattle on the opposite shores; and then, by their respective
dimensions, we judge
' of the comparative distance. This effect, the drawing, No. XII. will elucidate,
in which the sheep
on one side the water appear to be larger than the cows on the other. The
bay or creek may be hid
by shrubs, which will give the eye a check in its circuitous progress.
To explain the uses of the other bay F, I must take the liberty to describe
some effects in per-
spective, not, I believe, generally attended to in gardening.  PERSPECTIVE,
in painting, is known
to be of two kinds; the first is called linear perspective, and is that by
which objects appear to di-
minish in proportion to the distance at which they are viewed: this I have
here already mentioned
in referring to the use of cattle as a scale of measurement: an horse, a
cow, or a sheep, is
very nearly of the same size, and with this size the mind is perfectly acquainted;
but trees, bushes,
* Castle Hill, a villa of H. Beaufoy, Esq.

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