Pain, William (1730?-1790?) / The practical house carpenter, or, Youth's instructor containing a great variety of useful designs in carpentry and architecture; the five orders laid down by an entire new scale.
To Find the Length and Backing of Hips, Square, or Bevel. Curb Roofs, Sections of Floors, Trussing Griders, Roofs in Ledgement., pp. Plate 7-To face Plate XV.
Page To face Plate XV.
To face plate XV. Fig. A, plate XV. Is the plan of an ell roof with hips and valley; the length of the hips and backing is the same as before in plate XI.; there is another way to find the length of the hips, but that does not give the backing: If you take the base line of the hip a b, and set it on the base line of the principal rafters, as a b, then draw the line c b, which is the length of the hip c b; on the angle a is the plan of the king-post, shewing how the hip, valley, and two principal rafters come to it; they are marked on the ends of the beams they stand on the plan. Fig. B is an angle bracket for a cove, which is traced from the given rib c, as the figures direct, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10.
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