Nieuhof, Johannes, 1618-1672 / An embassy from the East-India Company of the United Provinces, to the Grand Tartar Cham, emperor of China: delivered by their excellencies Peter de Goyer and Jacob de Keyzer, at his imperial city of Peking wherein the cities, towns, villages, ports, rivers, &c. in their passages from Canton to Peking are ingeniously described by John Nieuhoff; also an epistle of Father John Adams, their antagonist, concerning the whole negotiation; with an appendix of several remarks taken out of Father Athanasius Kircher; Englished and set forth with their several sculptures by John Ogilby
[Kircher appendix] Chap. I. Of the bridges and wonderful fabricks of the Chineses., pp. 422-427 ff.
4 "O f th&i -piles ave la'Id &oorfs An equal le'not'4vcv ow ofwhicb is mvemy "two Paces in length, and two in breadth, as I neafur'd them; and of there "Stones there ate I40 ooall alike : and to prcvcnt falling off, there are Rails cct .,.Lr iffl ^fe A-11 ;% i~nf % fkm "xzvAAU 4.*ev Aw, lg fn.eamoonpt - A -wun lIjI .JIZns CUIE 41 aEBC U . 115UJiLALYW WVbIWALZ 111XLIY 14HU"~ JAUIAIL 53 "mofi kpendiQUs 0rk, a'nd deferVe-hi admirsd: But this is only the De- g fcription of part of this Bridge, which lieth between the Town Logan, and "a Cilfic _buit upon the Bridge; the other _part being equal. That this Bridge fhould be built with fo little Cof*, is no wonder, confidering the greatefi part of the Laborers f vegriciatin ?Mlick Works, and thofe that re- ceive Wages have not the tenth part fo much as our Laborers in Europe. Mar- cus Ilaulum Yenetus maketh mention alfo of this Bridge when he dr-ehe City of Xartes. There is a Bridge ih the'Novince of 9jjicbes call'd Tiefem, that is, Built by Heaven; it is a mofi excellent Work of Nature, con fifting of one Stone, over t'he ottt ai i,4~hebfe 1,,ti'tudeistcwo,?Nrelhes,'4and4r Longitude twenty. This PThee formverlty Was Ihutitup wkihw'a Murtain ; sbuthby the force and Viodkncc df lhe Ploods .-he; unMbia being uren uay and :hollow'd, this Beikge -was keft. Inthe -ProVincetof Xenfi is a 'Wat h'tadc'with Rigesby theGeneral of an Army nmed Cbauleang, in 'the making whereof an Army of many -hundred thoufandMen were cmploycdl, .*hole Mtuncaiwsct through at fiwh a depth, thac'che ides perpendicularly equail with ttp of the Mountains, fee to bravethe'Clouds, and yet every way admitteth the, Light that -lapfeth from above. In fome Places he built Bridges with"Beams and Spars laid from Mountain to Mountain, and upheld by Beanmsplacd under them; in places where the"Valloys are, widePillars areaply'd. The-third 0at ofthe'Voyage confifleth of Bridges of fogreat heighth, that you fcarcely dare lookdown'; thebreadth of the Way is capable dfreeivingfourHorfemen abreafi, and to prevent falling, they have plac'd Rails of Wood and Iron on both fides; it is call'd Cientao, that is, The Bridge of Props and (ails, and was ereaed to fhorten the Way from the City of Hancbung unto the Metropolitan City of Siganfu, which before was 20000 Stadia, through many Turnings and Windings ; and now by the Paffage through tcefe Mountains, their Voyage is but 8c ;Stadii. There fITHA.7ASIVS 11(Hc' C H'AtP. I. Btridges anl wonderful Fabrickj of the Chinefes.' irft the Brige cjLl'd Loyaag in the Province of FvAien, built y a cdor Governor call'd Cayang, exceedeth all admiration, the Lon. de whereof extendethabout ty. Perches, and the Latitude fix. ridge now fIands there wa formerly a Paffage for Ships, but ye- , by reafon of the extraordinary violence of the Current. The this -Mige cOIl 0-000o o Crowas ;. nningwich the Au" 04t thish fliu ie I twice ebdeM ld t kithe) the famous ang with amazement; it is all built of one fort of black hewn ing no Archesj but -is erefed tipoa xhec hundred Maflie Stone- f the Figure of a Ship, on each fide ending in an acute Angle, that he lefs fuffer by the force and beating of the Waves. on the tons 11
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