Nieuhof, Johannes, 1618-1672 / An embassy from the East-India Company of the United Provinces, to the Grand Tartar Cham, emperor of China: delivered by their excellencies Peter de Goyer and Jacob de Keyzer, at his imperial city of Peking wherein the cities, towns, villages, ports, rivers, &c. in their passages from Canton to Peking are ingeniously described by John Nieuhoff; also an epistle of Father John Adams, their antagonist, concerning the whole negotiation; with an appendix of several remarks taken out of Father Athanasius Kircher; Englished and set forth with their several sculptures by John Ogilby
[Kircher appendix] Chap. II. Of Cathay, and its proper and genuine situation., pp. 348-351
350 ' L IL L C I*AL JLLL . V U L** A UVA b LOS4 b A.I*VLA 13 I Ii10 5 &Ul l. ,4L ty which hath fuch aIvaft number of high Rridges, both within its Walls, and without in its Suburbs; for there are almoft ten thoufand, as Vene .us "reckoneth them, if'ou account the Triumphal Arches amongft the Bridges, "which by reafon of their fimilitude he might efteem for fuch, by the fame "miftake by which he call'd Tygers Lions, notwithflanding here are none to "be found, nor almoit in all Afia; except you will have him to be underflood "not only to comprehend theBridges that are both within the City and with. "out in the Suburbs, but alfo thofe of the whole Empire, and then indeed "their number, which otherwife will hardly gain credit amongt us, may ea- "fly be augmented- there being fo vaft an abundance of Bridges and Trium- "phal Arches every where to be found. For the greater confirmation of this "Matter, there is a Lake of forty Italian Miles,which they call Sibs, which al- "though it be not within the Walls, yet it dodh encompafs it for a lrge fpace "from the We to the South, and manyChainels are-drawn from it into the "City moreover, the Banks or Shores of iton every fide are fo befet with CTemples, Monafteries, Palaces, Libraries, and private Edifices, that you "would fuppofe your felf to be within a mo-l fpacioui City, and not in the Country : theMargents or Banks of thc Lake are rais'd din every part with "four-fquare and cut Stone, anda convenienPaffage left for Travellrs; al- "fo fome Paffages go clear through the Lake, furniff'd with many, and thofo very high Bridges, under which Ships may pafs, in paffing over which, they -"may to and fro encompafs the Lake, whence thefe Bridges might eafily be reckon'd by P .netus to belong to the"City. This is thit City which hath a "Motiitain withinits Walls on the Southi-de, term'd byingboanig, in which is "that rHAn(XSIVS KfCHE&'S adventure in time fend over the Theatre of the Cities of Ythe Cbinefrs them.fves, not known or feen, as I fuppofe, hi- But to return to the Matter in hand ;I prove firfi by moft iments, that this is the fame City of 9uinfai mention'd by for this is that City which is dillant the fpace of five days YI that is, Su Chou j which holdeth good, if we fpeak of the ch of the Army, in which it is manifeft that Marcus Paulus herwife it is fcarce four days Journey. This is that City in ie was the Court or Imperial City of China, which the Cbine- int Tongue-of their Learned Men term Kinsfu, but in the of the vulgar fort of Men, who tie not up themfedves unto f Phrafe, Kjngfai, whencethe term of Piifai in Pietu had its muf here note moreover, that Jkinfiu is a Name of Dignity Kegal Cities, and not proper and fingular unto one alone ; and true fignification is kegal, although oftentimes the fame rwife a proper Name ; as this City is call'd Handbu, which ire of the Family of Sun& was call'd Lingan,btcaf the teth s Family, nam'd Coacun'us 4~in, flying from the Tartars, there t, and therefore in the time of Jenetus it was call'd IKnfu, s think to the contrary. This hapned 4w ;.And alfo ,y the Family ofSunga held the Empire,until the Weflern Tar- Goverment of the Great Han, ere&ed the in Tartars, o thofe of Catbay, that is, out of the Northern Provinces, and fo then nquifh'd ; and a little after they advanc'd their viaorious i Kingdom of Mangin, having begun' a feizure of thofe Sou- *z Hu Pto coenmmorner n t he Ri rterk-:"T his is that i.
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