Nieuhof, Johannes, 1618-1672 / An embassy from the East-India Company of the United Provinces, to the Grand Tartar Cham, emperor of China: delivered by their excellencies Peter de Goyer and Jacob de Keyzer, at his imperial city of Peking wherein the cities, towns, villages, ports, rivers, &c. in their passages from Canton to Peking are ingeniously described by John Nieuhoff; also an epistle of Father John Adams, their antagonist, concerning the whole negotiation; with an appendix of several remarks taken out of Father Athanasius Kircher; Englished and set forth with their several sculptures by John Ogilby
Chap. IV. Of some strange customs, fashions, and manners, in use amongst the Chineses., pp. 164-175
the Empire of C H iN A. Parent, or a Suhje& to his Prince, he receives the Honor done unto him eAet ficting or ftanding, and only bowing a little whein the other falls upon his Knees. With the fame, and no greater Reverence and Honor they pay their Religious Duties to their Gods and imag.es,as well at home in their Houfe, as in their Churches beforethe Altars. Moreover, if a Maler fpeak to his Ser- vant, he fiands next to him; but whcn'he givesin Anfwer, he falls upon his Knees. They ufe likewife feveral p articular Forms nd. Methods both : in Writing and Speaking : for in Speech they neyer ufe the. fecond Perfon 7ou neithek when they fpeak ofthem felves muft they ever Ufe their Proper Names , inlefs; the Matler fpeaks to his Servant, or a S perior to hIisInferio.r. In. their DI- co~ufe with their Betters they have fecrya forms of Speech, by which,,toeC- ther with their fubm fs Behaviorxthe e verece they give themis knowni:, Amonga which the curtly an4 pl:ite odifb way of Speaking, is never to, mention himfelf but in the third.Prfon, asnotbu t , or Sucb a one; where- as we in Europe ufe the word 1, or'Pronoun in -he firji Perfon : and !hate, ver a Man's Reputationimay otherwife be, yet he is never thought, o rti nks himfeif to have attain'd the Pinclcs of Honor, wanting the moil accurate ways both of Speaking and Writing. When ary makes a 'Viit, the Party vifited is oblig'd in convenient imes to,. make a return of the like Civility,. modo ' forY_. Alo wh nh Pefents, (which is very frequent)tey write them down i a Book, withte Name of him to whomthey are.Prefen t ,which are either receiv'd, oreivily feat back with a Complement: d. di.theyarc accepted, he Entes steir, R- ceipt Ukewife, and makes a Returqaccordingly, which he a1fo Regifters.I, is alfo very common there for Prefents to be made in Money, ti g .ot fo, ufial with usin urope. T Such as are preferr'd to any Plac in the Magifiracy, 'or have attain'd -ob Learn'd in the feveral Arts and Sciences, put on d iflin Habits when ,ey.go a Viiting, each according to hisPlaceand Degree; and hereby he is kno, At- though it differs not much from his daily Habit.. .Ad according to this Or- der, fuch asarenot Learn'd, nor of the Magillracy, b p y are Perfo of Qa lity, put on a diftind Habit when they make Vifirs, which howv iring little from the ordinary Garb, is ftisfa ory to him thai; is vifited, whereas the contrary is ill refented..'And for this reafon the lefuits in thofe Partsin poit of prudence, Hahit themfelves in other than their.common Veftmept, whe4 they are to Confer with dhe (randecs about any Affairs. If feveral Perfons are vifited in one Houfe, the chief among t pcs thie Chairsin the beft part of the Room,wiping theDuf offwithis houg iade never oclean .eforej then he invites his Friends thatncame tofie hi to fit down, and taking a Chair (%eming topwipe offthe Dullz)ffeats Jhimfe4 The Vifitors being thus plac'd, prefently after comes one of, the 0ipl Servante in a long Gown, bearing in his Hand4a very neat Board, fillEJwth Cups of Ca, or Liquor made of Beans (of which, Ihave alreadymadem n in each a piece of Bisket, and a little Silver.Spoon, lying by as aNicety.Thq Servant Prefents to each his Cup, but tohim firf thatfitsuppcmoft tand io going till he comes at-laft to his Mafter, wh0fits at the lower endof the Room, and then exits : If they continue a y mtogether, the S'rat. turns and fills the Cups the fecond ida n u time, and a frefk picce of Bisket is put cvery time into each Cup.. VT'
Based on the date of publication, this material is presumed to be in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright