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Edwards, George, 1694-1773. / Gleanings of natural history, exhibiting figures of quadrupeds, birds, insects, etc
Part II (1760)

[Chap. LXXXVII. Pla. 297. The lark from Pensilvania [Pennsylvania], and the brown butterfly; L'alouette de Pensilvanie, et le papillon brun],   pp. [Plate] 297-186 ff.


Page 185

( i85 )
C H A P. LXXX)
7he L A R K. from  Penfilvania, a;d
the BROWN BUTTERFLY.
HE   Lark and the Fly are both
T figured .of the fize of life, and
were engraved on the plate direaly from
the natural fubje~ts.
The bill of the Lark is fharp-painted
and flender, and of a blackifli colour,
excepting a little yellow at the bafls of
the lower mandible. The head, upper
fide of the neck, and the back, are of
a dark dufky-brown colour: a blackifl
line paffes through the eye, and a clay-
coloured line above it; the eye-lids are
alfo light-coloured, and the eye dark.
The wings and tail are dark-brown or
dufky, the feathers having light-brown
borders and tips: the infides of the wings
are a(h-coloured. The outer feathers on
each fide of the tail are white: the two
next to them have white tips. The
under fide, from bill to tail, is of a
light reddifh-brown, with dufky fpots,
as (hewn by the figure. The legs, feet,
and claws are dark-brown. It hath a
longufh claw or fpur behind, but I think
fhorter than  in the common     Lark.
What is particular in this bird is, that,
when the wing is clofely gathered up,
the third quill from the body reaches to
its tip; which is a conflant charaae-
riftic of the Water-Wagtail genus. Tho'
this bird hath fo much the appearance
of fome of the known Larks, yet, on
PLA. 297w
L'ALOUET'ITE d/e Penfilvanice, et ie
PAPILLON BRUN.
Alouefte et le Papillon font tons deux
reprcfent('s de leur grandeur naturelle,
et on! e'tegrave3s fir la piancbe diree'ment
d'apres les filiets in,, Wes.
Le bec de    l'4/ouette y/  mince et fort
pointu; la couleur en cI nloiratre, excepte'
Un peu de jaune a la baJf      e /a inachoire
i fe'rieure. La te'te, le dfß;is dcu coU et
le  d/os font d'un   brun olfur fonce: il
pa//e autravers d/e /'ail une large barre
noiraire, aude/ics de la, quelle eji une
ligne  couleur dc/  terre  glaife;  Ics pau-
pieres font aufi d'une couleur claire, 7nais
lcs yeux font obfCurs.  Les ailes et la queu
font d'un hrun fince' on olJcur, mais les
plumes en on! les bords et la pointe gris
blanc: le djfous des ailes eJ couleur de
cendre.   Les plunmes ext ri/cures c/e chaque
cote6 de la  qucue font blanches : les deux
qui les juivenzt le fontfiulment a' /'extre'-
nite'.  Le dcf/us de i'oifrau, coinmie on le
voit par la figure, eJt, d/cpuis ie bee jzzf-
qu' a la queOu, d'un 'ventre de biche rou-
gecatre, avec des taches brunes.   Les jami-
bes, les pieds, et les ongles font d'un brun
fince. Il y a a la partie po/e'ricure dec
la patte un    ajfz long   ergot ou   e~cron,
mincs pourtant ioinus long, a' cc que je crois,
que notre Alouette commumne. Cequi c/I par-
ticulier a cet oifeau, c'c// que quand l'aile
efl bien fjrime', la troilieme penne, depi.is
le corps, en atteint le bout ; et c'cf   le ca-
X


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