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Edwards, George, 1694-1773. / Gleanings of natural history : exhibiting figures of quadrupeds, birds, insects, etc. most of which have not, till now, been either figured or described
Part II (1760)

Chap. LXXIX. Pla. 289. The greater cat-fish; Le chat de mer major,   pp. 169-170 ff.


Page 170

( 170 )
croffwife with broken irregular bars of a
dark blackifh colour: the belly or under
fide is white.  It hath lateral lines from
the eyes to the tail, though not very plainly
to be feen.  The eyes are not riLing, as in
the laft defcribed; nor is the mouth placed
io far under the head.  The nofirils have
flits from them into the mouth ; and five
flits on each fide the head form the gills.
It hath two fingle fins on the back, one
behind the other: on the belly are two
pair of fins, betwxecn the hindermoft of
which the vent is placed; it hath, befides
thefe, a fingle fin on its under fide near
the tail: the tail-fin is of a particular make,
as the figure will bell (hew: all the fins are
fpotted with dufky.  The egg is figured
with a fifh coming from it: it is of an
horny fubftance, and of a red-brown co-
lour, fl(aped like a purfe, flattifh and edged
on its fides: it 1eems to have floated fome
time in the fea, bry its having a whitifh
coralline incruftation on it.  The fkins of
the fmnalleft of thefe fifl were fenfibly rough
to the touch : their teeth felt very fharp,
and confifted of many rows, like thofe of
the Shark.  It is a cartilaginous fifh.
Thefe fifhes were brouglht from the Cape
of Good Hlope, and are now preserved in
Ifpirits of wine in th'l collefion of Dr. John
Fothergill.  It is the C'atu/us ma/er 'vulgaris
of Willighby : fee a figure of it in his
l1iflory of Fifhies, tab. B. I.  But as I
have vivej? different views of it, and have
the eg,   d youtng fiffh, I hope I fhall be
thought to have made a finall addition to
its hiflory.  As it is found on the Britifh
coafts, and at the Cape of Good Hope, we
may fuppofe it to be found likewife in molt
cf the feas of the Torrid and Temperate
Zones.
gulie'res d'un noirdtre fonce'.  Le ventre oU
le defoius eJf blanc. 11 a des lignes late'rales,
depuis la te'te jzuqfu'a' la queu;, quoiqu'aJez
difficiles a 'diferner.  Les yeux ne fint point
e'6vye's, comme ceux du poz#on qu'on vient de
de'crire; il n'a pas non plus la gueulefi avant
fous la tete.   Les nazeaux font findus juf-
ques dans la gueule; et cinq fentes de chaque
cote'fcrment les ouies.  11 a Jur le dos deux
nageoires /imples, I'Vne derriere l'autre, et
il en a d.eux paires fur le ventre: I'anus e/l
place' entre les deux de derriere.  11 a outre
cel/es-ld une nageoire fimple contre la queue,
dont la nageoire eJI d'une forme particulie're,
ceque la figure jera  in eux comprendre qu'on
ne peut le di'crire: tcutes les nageoires font
tachete'es de brun fonce'.  L'ruf e/t repre'fnte'
avec un poifon qui en fort: il efi d'une jiub-
flance femblable a' de la corne, et d'un brun
rougeatre; Jait comme une bourfe, un peu ap-
plati, et borde' aux  cdte's: il paroit avoir
flotte' longtems dans la mer, a cauJe de deux
incrufiations de corail blanc/abdre, qui oent
de/iis. Les peaux des dezux p/us petits de
ces poi/ons m'ont paru JenJiblement rudes au
touche': '7'ai auji trouve leurs dents fort
pointues,  et dzij/jMefes en  p/uieurs range'es,
comme ce//es des Requins.   Aurefie ce poyobn
f cartilagineux.
Ces pci/fins ont e'te apporte's du Cap de
Bonne Elperance, et font a prefent conjirve's
dans de   'efprit de vin, dans la colledion de
Al'. :Yean Fothergill, Dodeur en Medecine.
C'eJ ile Catulus major vulgaris de Willughby*.
Mais comme j'en ai'donne differentes vues, et
que j'en ai un eufl et un jeune poieon naif-
fint, j'ejIpere qu'on me rendra la jujtice d'en
avoir enrichi l'hifoire.  Comme on le trouve
en Angleterre et au Cap de Bonne Efpe'rance,
on peut Jfppfer, qu'il y en a tout de meime
dans la plupart des mers, tant fous la Zone
Torride, que feos les Zones Tmpenre'es.
* On en peut voir une figure dans fon Hifloire des
Poiflbns, pl. B. 4.


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