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Edwards, George, 1694-1773. / Gleanings of natural history : exhibiting figures of quadrupeds, birds, insects, etc. most of which have not, till now, been either figured or described
Part II (1760)

Chap. LVIII. Pla. 268. The calandra; and the spotted mole; La calandre; et une taupe tachetée,   pp. 122-124


Page 123

( 123   )
of the common blackifh colour, acciden-
tally variegated with light clay-coloured
fpots and marks, as the figure reprefents:
the fhape of its feet, and the form of its
teeth, may, I think, be better underilood
by the figure than by words: it hath a
row of very fmall teeth, both above and
beneath, in the front of the mouth, be-
tween the long fharp teeth, termed dog-
teeth, near the end of the fnout. Moles
are fometimes found wholly white or
cream-coloured.  This Mole was taken
near London, and given to Dr. Fothergill.
Klein on Quadrupeds, p. 6o, defcribes fe-
veral forts of Moles.
The Calandra is the property of Mr.
Brooks, of Holborn, a great dealer in fo-
reign birds and curious poultry, who has it
now living, A. D. I755. He fays, it was
brought from Carolina in North America:
it is a hen bird, according to his way of
knowing a cock from a hen; which is by
taking the bird with its back to the palm of
your hand, then blowing with your mouth
on the breaft, the feathers will part and
leave the breaft wholly bare of feathers in
the hen: this trial, he fays, will anfwer
only in the breeding time of fmaller birds.
Tho' this Bird was brought from North
America, it agrees fo exadtly in every re-
fpeclt with the Calandra of G. P. Olina, in
his Ucceiliera, p. 30, Roma 1622, where
you will find a figure and defcription fo
like mine, that I have chofen to call it by
the fame name, and account the American
Calandra to be flrittly or fpecifically the
fame with the European. I have formerly
difcovered many fpccies of birds to be com-
mon both to Europe and America, and
daily find more to be fo. Our country-
man, Mr. Willughby, has given a tranfla-
tion of Olina's and Bellonius's defcriptions
of the Calandra, in his Ornithology, Eng-
etendre besucoup: je me contenterai de dire
que celle-ci eft de /'efepce noire commune, et
qu'elle s'e/z trouvce par hafard variete et mar-
quete'e de taches d'un jaune d'argile clair, com-
me on it voit par la fgz' re; laque/le, ai ce 91/fl
je crois, Jera mieux comprendre que des mots,
la forme des pattes et des dents de cet animal:
il a une rang~e de tres petites dents, tant def-
jus que d/jous, dans le devant de la gueule et
vers le bout du mnulfau, entre ces dents longues
et poini'iis, qu'on appelle commun 'mcnt canines.
On frouve quelquejbis des Taupes toute blan-
ches, ou couleur de cre'me. Celle-ci avoit e't'
prife dans les environs de Londres, et donn'e d
M. Fothergill, M. D.      Klein, des Quadru-
pedes, p. 6o, de'crit plufieurs fortes de Taupes.
La Calandre appartient a' A. Brooks, qui
demeure dans Nlolborn, et y fait un grand
commerce d'OiPaux e'trangers, et de volaille
curieufe : il a cot Oil'au aduellement en vie,
1755.    1/ dit qu'il vient de la Caroline, dans
/'Amerique feptentrionale: c'eI une fieme/le,
felon fa metbode de dJlinguer les mdles d'a'vec
ies finmelles; ce qu'il fait en prenant i'Qfreai
dans Ja imain, le ventre en haut, et en foif-
flant de la bouche fur i'ef/omac; car daors, Ji
c'eJ/ tine fe'melle, les plumes fe frearent de
cot'i et d'autre, et lairnt P l'e/iomac tout nud:
cette expe'rience ne ret<fit, dit-il, gue dans la
fai/on oui les petits OiJeaux couvent.
Qzioique cet OQifea  aii ete' apport' de l'Ame
rique feptentrionale,  il reßemble fi exaSe-
ment, a' tous egards, a' la Calandre de G. P.
Olina *: ja figure et fa defcription font ft
Jemblables a'  a figure et a' ma dcfcrzption, que
je  n'ai pas fait difficulte' de l'appeller di
meime nom, et de regarder la Calandre d'Ame-
rique comme la me     que celle d'Europe, fans
la moindre diff#"rence /Ydcifque.  f'ai diccu-
vert avant ceci, que p/uiieurs eft'ces d'Oifeaux
etoient commnunes a ces deux parties du monde,
et j"en decouzvre encore tous les jours de nou-
veaux, qui font lans ce cas.   Notre conmpa-
f Olina Uccelliera, p. 3o, Roma I62Z.


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