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Grigsby, Leslie B. (Leslie Brown) / The Longridge collection of English slipware and delftware. Volume 2: delftware
(2000)

Tea- and coffee wares,   pp. 355-[378]


Page 355

 
D320. TEAPOT 
London, probably Lambeth 
Probably Jonathan Chilwell Ill, Vauxhall 
(owner, 1712-1721) 
Probably 1712-1720 
H.: 3 1/2' (8.9 cm); 
Diam. (body): 4" (10.2 cm); 
Diam. (handle-spout): 7"(17.8 cm) 
BODY CLAY: Medium-grained buff. 
TIN GLAZE: Pale turquoise-white, 
slightly transparent (especially on lid). 
Overall, excluding bottom edges of lid 
and footrim. 
SHAE: Thrown. Handle of circular 
section with curled lower terminal. Tri 
angular arrangement of three strainer 
holes (point up) at base of spout. Steam 
hole (pierced before firing) at base of 
finial. Bottom of pot recessed to create 
narrow footrim. 
DECORATION: Painted. Chinese pavil. 
ion under cloud and flanked by grasses 
and asterisk-leaved trees, repeated on 
either side of body. Handle and spout 
bear scrollwork; spout also bears gradu- 
ated curves. Lid bears pavilion and 
cloud motifs, concentric circles, and, on 
finial, radiating lines. 
    Of the five basic teapot shapes,' this is one often recorded tapered
exam- 
ples: it and one other one have a loop handle; six have more compressed loops;
and two have wishbone handles; The tapered pots all have similar flattened
tops, but on this and one other example, the mouth rim turns downward slight-
ly,' so that the edge of the flat cover does not project above shoulder level.
The 
others have properly formed rebates. The body shape probably imitates con-
temporary silver, which itself was influenced by circa 1700 Japanese (Arita)
porcelain.4 
    A similar type of knop occurs on a Shand Kydd collection teapot, and
the 
hatched cornucopia ornamenting the spout and handle of the Longridge pot
appears in the border of a blue and white plate' with the same "banner"
design 
as the Shand Kydd pot. The double-scroll motif (divided in two on the cover)
derives flom the carved head of the Chinese scepter in Buddhist art known
as 
ruyi (expressing the concept "what one wants" when presented as
a gift), and 
the scroll lines rising from it derive from lotus stems and tendrils.' The
star 
foliage on the trees appears to be unique to the pot.v One matching piece
is 
known, a sugar pot with a flat cover, a shape that occurs with motifs used
before circa 1720 at Vauxhall pottery," then owned by Jonathan Chilwell
III. 
Based on this similarity, it is likely that the Longridge teapot also was
made 
there at around the same time. 
1. Globular, tapelred, peatr-shape, peatch-shape. 
and tcylindrical eapots ( Isee Mac hiulanoe, T1in- 
glazed Teaware, p3. 2611). 
2. Privatle toilectlion (loop])1 F1 flattened loop, 
see IEmmersnn, Teapots, pl1 18, no 22, Garnetr 
atnd Arc her, Delftware, p1. 7313; Artcher antd Mor 
gan, tChina l)ishes, no. 67 (now tIIampshire 
(Countiy C touncil Muiseuims0 Strvi ce colletc ltio at 
the Allen Galltry, Aluum), prwalte colmlectiton; 
Sotheby's (1,), October 17 18, 1988, lot 504: 
I omne. Collet iIon, pt. 13, no. 361 (ste 11) 218). 
lor wishbone, see Chartleston anti Towner , l1n- 
glish (Ceratmits, pl. 9, Austin, elftll, no. 118. 
4. tlayward, Illugtenot Silver, pl1 4413 (teapot by 
James Simith, l~ondon. 1719). See Menhhausen, 
Zwinger. p1. 46, lot t. 1700 "Teekanne. 
5. (hailes ton antd Ilowner, Enoglish (Ceramitcs, 
6. Iberhard,. Symhols, p. 258. 
7. Maularlane. Tin-glazed "Ieaware, p. 659. 
8. (hrilste's (NY), (insbuirg sale, Ottober 14 15, 
1983. lot 171. 
9. lot relatied examples. ste Austin. l)elfl, 
no. 126; lwidwrds, Vatuxhall Pottery, pls. 52ai, 53e. 
3. lon nterson, T eaipoits. 11 18. no. 22; pr ivate tctl- 
lection. 
The Longridge Collection 355 


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