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The illustrated catalogue of the Universal exhibition, published with the Art journal

Boutell, Charles
General introduction.,   pp. 3-76

Page 15

                                    THE PARIS UNIVERSAL EXHIBITION.
These examples of GLASS are exhibited by Mr. J. DOBSON, of St. James's Street,
London, whose productions are of the very highest merit; unsur-
pased, and, perhaps, unapproached, byeèy manufacturer of the world,
considered with reference to delicate and elaborate engraving combined
                                           H~~ ~i ,,llllil7
 with purity of metal. Some of these forms are "grotesque," others
-exibhit exceeding grace of design: they are works of an accomplished artist.
 Only six weeks afsrw 1I1~ national military fAtes, held on the 1798 led
to the establishment of this principle. Competition was
 Champ de-Mars to ie3bate the early victories of the First Napo- then taught
to aim beyond the securing a presen preference in
 leon i Italy, the' ailkbeautiful and useful productions of the selling;
the act of - exhibiting was identified with a search for
 midustrial arts of  a  were assembled in great numbers and as fresh information.,
coupled with a readiness, and indeed with a
     It -variety in a VWi.ding surrounded by sixty porticoes, which desire,
to impart it,; and then, for the first time, was adopted te
     been construtedaon the same spot for the express purpose of system of
investigating and deciding on the comparative merits
 receiving and exhibitimg them.                                  of the various
works exhibited, by juries composed of persons
   It was in ithiis original exposition of the year 1798 that the distinguished
for. their knowledge, experience, and soundness of
 essential distinction between what is an I Exposition " or "G(reatj.
On t             hy oc ison several prizes were awarded; and
 Exhibition," and what is properly only a bazaar, was clearly thus,
by an emphatic tribute of honour bestowed upon superior
 defined- The bazaar is for ale alone, the " exposition" is for
excellence, all  ues    who might propose thereafter to become
 mtruti~tlol also. Even in his bazaar the Marquis d'Aveze dism exhibitors,
were stimulated to enter upon a course of fiendly
 cenod the germ of the grand principle of comparison, instituted rivalry.
 f'rew tH ke ofk-leing on to greater excellekee. The Exposition of  The secon4
National Exposition did not take place in France till
               A, . . , : :~~~~~~~~~~~~~1

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