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Hogarth, William, 1697-1764 / The analysis of beauty : written with a view of fixing the fluctuating ideas of taste
(1753)

Chap. XV: of the face,   pp. 122-134


Page 131

ANALYSIS of BEAUTY. 
form'd for his purpofe, that what he intended for a grin 
,of pain and mifery, was rather a joyous laugh. 
It is firange that nature hath afforded us fo many 
lines* and fhapes to indicate the deficiencies and blemifhes 
of the mind, whilt there are none at all that point out 
the perfedions of it beyond the appearance of common 
fenfe and placidity.  Deportment, words, and adions, 
muff fpeak the good, the wife, the witty, the humane, 
the generous, the merciful, and the brave. Nor are 
gravity and folemn looks always figns of wifdom: the 
mind much occupied with trifles will occafion as grave 
and fagacious an afpea, as if it was charged with mat- 
ters of the utmofi moment; the balance-mafter's atten- 
tion to a fingle point, in order to preferve his balance, 
may look as wife at that time as the greateft philofo- 
pher in the depth of his ftudies. All that the ancient 
fculptors could do, notwithftanding their enthufiaflic 
endeavours to raife the chara&ers of their deities to af- 
peds of fagacity above human, was to give them fea- 
tures of beauty. Their god of wifdom hath no more 
in his look than a handfom manlinefs; the Jupiter is 
carried fomewhat higher, by giving it a little more fe- 
verity than the Apollo, by a larger prominency of brow 
gently bending in feeming thoughtfulnefs, with an 
ample beard, which being added to the noble quantity 
of its other lines, invefts that capital piece of fculpture 
with uncommon dignity, which in the myfferious lan- 
guage of a profound conoiffeur, is filed a divine idea, 
inconceivably great, and above nature. 
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