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Hogarth, William, 1697-1764 / The analysis of beauty : written with a view of fixing the fluctuating ideas of taste

Chap. XV: of the face,   pp. 122-134

Page 125

human face. It is evident, the inimitable Butler was 
fenfible of the mean and ridiculous effe& of fuch kind 
of lines, by the defcription he gives of the fhape of 
Hudibras's beard, fig. *,                              gL. P x6 
In cut and dye fo like a tile, 
A fudden view it would beguile. 
2. With regard to charader and expreflion; we have 
daily many inflances which confirm the common re- 
ceived opinion, that the face is the index of the mind; 
and this maxim i§ fo rooted in us, we can fcarce help 
(if our attention is a little raifed) forming fome particu- 
lar conception of the perfon's mind whofe face we are 
obferving, even before we receive information by any 
other means. How often is it faid, on the flighteft 
view, that fuch a one looks like a good-natur'd man, 
that he hath an honeft open countenance, or looks like 
a cunning rogue; a man of fenfe, or a fool, &c. And 
how are our eyes riveted to the afpe&s of kings and 
heroes, murderers and faints; and as we contemplate 
their deeds, feldom fail making application to their 
looks.  It is reafonable to believe that afped to be a 
true and legible reprefentation of the mind, which gives 
every one the fane idea at firft fight; and is afterwards 
confirm'd in fa&: for inflance, all concur in the fame 
opinion, at firft fight, of a down-right idiot. 
There is but little to be feen by childrens faces, more 
than that they are heavy or lively; and fcarcely that 
unlefs they are in motion. Very handfom faces of al- 

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