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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution : and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

The great tobacco manufactories,   pp. 511-532


Page 516

THE GREAT TOBACCO MANUFACTORIES.
also reduced this one to ashes; but it was immediately rebuilt, and
with greater capacity and more completeness of detail than before.
It would be an interesting exhibit to show the total transactions of
this house between the years 1836 and 1860, during which time the
business reached its maximum, but to present such exhibit, would de-
mand more space than the nature of this article will allow; it will,
therefore, be sufficient to state that, they far exceed those of any similar
house in the world.
There is scarcely an individual in the United States acquainted with
manufactured Tobacco, who is not familiar with the blue packages,
which originated in and have been continuously prepared by this house,
and it will hardly be deemed an exaggeratioh to assert, that very few
who have become accustomed to their contents, have ever relinquished
them for the purpose of obtaining something superior.
The patronage of the house has been regular and continuous.
Throughout its entire career, it has been distinguished for the purity
and excellence of its production, and in no instance have her successors
more rigidly adhered to the aim of the founder than in reference to
these particulars. An article of Chewing Tobacco made of the very
best material and wholly free from adulterations of every kind was
what she relied upon for success at the outset, and although intro-
ducing many new and desirable brands since her time, her successors
have never in the slightest degree deviated from this principle. Neither
sweetening nor other foreign substances are or ever have been used
in the manufacture of the leading brands of Chewing Tobacco in this
establishment.
The present senior partner, Mr. WILLIAM E. LAWRENCE, is one of
the most prominent and popular members of the trade. He is the Presi-
dent of the Tobacconists' National Association, and is distinguished
both in public and in private life.
The operations in manufacturing Fine Cut Chewing Tobacco are in-
teresting, though simple-but a few hours being required to transmit
the crude material into the finished article-and with some slight excep-
tions are alike in all the factories. To describe them, we shall selec,
the
Island City Tobacco Works, New York,
Of which DAVID H. McALPINE is proprietor, and which possesses ma-
chinery as perfect and complete as any.
In McAlpine's establishment, the operation commences in the Assort-
ing room, a commodious appartment on the ground floor, into which
the hogsheads contalning the crude material are rolled by a spacious
516


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