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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution : and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

The great tobacco manufactories,   pp. 511-532

Page 513

Of the total exportation, England, during the Revolution (which
event is embraced within this period), captured about 33,974,949
From 1787 to 1789, inclusive, the exports were
To Great Britain.           To Other Countries.
Pounds.                      Pounds.
45,379,795                   44,661,205
39,600,404                   48,995,186
48,831,232                  39,843,768
Total . . . . . . . 267,311,590
The total number of hogsheads of tobacco exported from the United
State, from 1821 to 1840, were 1,792,000, the value of which was
The exports of manufactured tobacco during the same time were
57,196,254 pounds, and of snuff, 788,477 pounds, the combined value
of which was $5,566,581. Between 1821 and 1830 there were ex-
ported 824,245 hogsheads, valued at $56,889,291; and during the next
ten years, 967,755 hogsheads, valued at $74,458,230.
The total exportation of hogsheads during the seventy-five years
intervening between 1790 and 1865 was 7,141,452, or, in pounds,
8,570,742,400; annual average hogsheads, 95,219- nearly; pounds,
The exports of manufactured tobacco from 1791 to 1865 were
283,165,765 pounds, annual average 3,826,578 pounds.
Of snuff there were exported from 1817 to 1867, 2,082,734. A par-
tial idea of the magnitude and importance of the tobacco trade of the
United States and the other countries mentioned will be derived from
these figures. The aggregate is surprising, and shows the permanent
and extraordinary fascination which this narcotic exercises upon man-
The principal varieties of Tobacco manufactured ready for consump-
tion, may be classified as Fine Cut Chewing and Smoking Tobacco,
Plug Tobacco, Snuff and Cigars, each of which has its representative
houses. Of Fine Cut Chewing Tobacco, New York is the great centre
of the manufacture ;  four of the concerns employing one thousand five
hundred operatives. One of the oldest houses in that city, now en-
gaged in this branch, is that of
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