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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

The great tobacco manufactories,   pp. 511-532


Page 512

THE GREAT TOBACCO MANUFACTORIES.
whence have sprung every variety of native Tobacco seen in the United
States to-day. And what is scarcely less singular, the Tobacco of the
West India Islands is of the same species as that raised in this country.
From Tobago it is supposed the seeds of the plant were first brought
to Virginia, but by whom, or when, no one at present can tell.
Within a period of little more than a century, the tobacco trade has
developed into a business of vast proportions. EDWARD BURKE EsQ.,
of New York, late Editor of the " Tobacco Leaf," has prepared some
interesting statistics on the subject, and states, that in 1855, the produc-
tion of crude tobacco throughout the world was estimated at 955,039,
000 pounds, distributed as follows :-Asia, 399,900,000; Europe, 281,
844,500; America, 248,280,500; Africa, 24,300,000; Australia, 714,000.
In 1860, the United States alone produced 429,390,771 pounds. In
1840 Virginia raised 75,347,006 pounds ; Kentucky, 53,436,909;
Tennessee, 29,550,432 ; Maryland, 24,846,002. In 1860 these States
produced, first: Virginia, 123,968,000; Kentucky, 108,102,000;
Tennessee, 38,911,000; Maryland, 38,411,000. In 1840 the production
of Ohio amounted to 5,942,275 pounds ; in 1860 it reached 29,529,000.
In 1850 Connecticut raised 1,267,624 pounds ; Pennsylvania, 912,651;
Indiana, 1,044,449. In 1860 their product was-Connecticut, 6,000,-
000 ; Pennsylvania, 3,182,000 ; Indiana, 4,658,000. The exports of
Tobacco from this country from 1772 to 1775, were 397,512,687 lbs.
The following was their distribution :-
1772 . . . . . .
1773  .  .  .  .  .  *
1774 . . . . . .
1775 . . . . . .
Totals . .   . .
From 1776 to 1782 they
Great Britain.
Pounds.
97,799,263
3,695,564
18,698,337
27,623,451
147,716,615
Other Countries.
Pounds.
.   .  .       7,458
.  .   .  96,776,443
-  .   .  78,676,915
.  .   .  74,265,156
.  .   . 249,796,072
were 86,649,533 pounds:
Grea
P
.* . . 6,
.  .  .  .  10,
11,
.  6,
.  .  .  .  42,
verage . 12,
t Britain.         Other Countries.
ounds,                  Pounds.
-.... ...14,498,500
-... .....2,441,214
520,550  .  .  .  .  .  4,440,783
982,890  .  .  .  .  .  6,173,008
174,791  .  .  .  .  .  5,950,176
600,296  .  .  .  .  .  5,738,872
364,813 ...   ..    3,463,431
943,340 ..  ...   42,715,984
235,619.
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
Totals
Annual a
512


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