University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Digital Library for the Decorative Arts and Material Culture

Page View

Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

The great iron works of the United States,   pp. 475-495


Page 495

THE READING IRON WORKS.
since 1852, has produced the heaviest class of Forgings. Among
its important tools and machines are three Nasmyth Steam Hammers,
one of ten tons, one of seven and one of two and a half tons, two Kirk
Hammers, one of fifteen hundred pounds, and one of seven hundred
and fifty pounds, and Lathes, and Slotting Machines of the largest
capacity for forging and finishing Shaftings for Marine Engines, Armor
Plates, Turret Beams, Point-Stoppers, Locomotive Frames, Car axles,
etc. The Shaftings for the " Adriatic," one of which weighed over
forty tons, were made at this Forge, and also the Armor Plates used
in the construction of the celebrated Ram, the " Dunderberg." As will
be inferred, these works have the capacity for producing every kind of
forging required for the largest vessels in the Naval or Merchant service.
The company also own the GIBRALTAR FORGES AND PLATE MILL,
located a few miles southeast of Reading. At these forges are made
the Charcoal Blooms used in the manufacture of the celebrated Ameri-
can Boiler Flues. The Plate Mill is employed almost exclusively in
manufacturing Boiler Plate. Its capacity is fifteen hundred tons a year.
They have also recently put in operation one of the most complete
SHEET IRON MILLS in the country, for rolling all kinds of Sheet Iron,
Tank and Plate Iron ; a Puddle bar mill, and a large merchant mill,
for rolling all kinds of flat iron. They own the exclusive right of
using the celebrated Lauth Patent system of Rolls, which enables
them to imitate successfully, if not to equal, Russia Sheet Iron. The
capacity of this mill is about thirty-eight hundred tons per year.
In addition to the above operations, this company is very exten-
sively engaged in mining iron ores and coal.
Mr. JOHN MCMANUS, the president of the company, is actively
interested in the construction of the Union Pacific Railway (Eastern
Division), and is one of its directors.


Go up to Top of Page