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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

The great iron works of the United States,   pp. 475-495


Page 488

GREAT IRON WORKS IN TilE UNITED STATES.
the Navy and Army, and while it was not claimed that they were
perfect in their results, or that disappointments did not occur, yet
when due allowance is made for the novelty of the subject in actual
war, the immense extent of the demand, and the necessary want of ex-
perience under the circumstances, it may be fairly concluded that the
system, so often doing that well which had never been accomplished
before, must be based on correct principles, and only required a reasona-
ble measure of practical experience and care to make it equally success-
ful at all times.
In the capture of Fort Macon the Parrott Guns were singularly dis-
tinguished, and they also contributed largely to the success at Fort
Pulaski. At the bombardment of Fort Sumter from Morris Island, as
well as in the shelling of Charleston, the Parrott Guns were almost
wholly used.
The performance of these Guns and projectiles at the destructive
bombardment of Fort Sumter, at distances over four thousand yards,
after the assault upon Fort Wagner had failed, was a most brilliant as
well as a timely success, and may almost be said to have inaugurated
a new era in siege warfare.
So important had the success of these Guns made them, that Mr.
Parrott was called on for about three thousand Cannon, more than
half of which were of the thirty-pounder and larger calibres, together
with Projectiles, Iron Carriages for Fortifications, Fuzes, etc., constitu-
ting chiefly the Rifled Ordnance of the country.
The Bridgewater Iron Manufacturing Company,
At Bridgewater, Mass., on the line of the Old Colony and Fall River
Railroad, is one of the oldest and most remarkable Iron Works in
America. As early as 1785, there is a record of Iron Works at this
place and, as has been elsewhere stated, the first Locomotive crank
axle made in America, was forged here for the Locks and Canal Com-
pany of Lowell. From 1810, to 1816, the Proprietors of these Works
were Lazell, Carey & Co., but in 1816, Mr. Carey having died, a new
partnership was formed under the style of Lazell, Perkins & Co., which
continued until June 18, 1825, when the Bridgewater Iron Manufactur-
ing Company was incorporated.
These are now, no doubt, the largest Iron Works in New England,
and have tools and facilities for executing heavy forgings, not excelled,
and we believe not equaled, by any in America. The land attached to
the works is about seventy acres, of which ten acres are covered with
buildings. They have two Rolling mills, of which the largest is two
488


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