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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

The great iron works of the United States,   pp. 475-495


Page 480

GREAT IRON WORKS IN THE UNITED STATES.
long, by one hundred feet wide, with cross wings three hundred and
seventy-two feet by seventy-four feet.
In 1863, an additional mill building, three hundred feet by one hun-
dred feet, with a connecting wing seventy-four feet by thirty feet was
erected, and in 1865, a further extension of the building three hundred
and fifty feet by an average of one hundred feet, was made.
The mill, when completed, will contain forty-eight double-equal to
ninety-six single-Puddling furnaces, twenty-four Heating furnaces,
seven trains of rolls, four squeezers, and other machinery to correspond.
Its production, in 1865, was near one thousand tons per week, and
when the extensions and improvements now in progress are completed,
its capacity will be equal to the production of from sixty to seventy
thousand tons of finished Railroad iron per annum.
The stock is principally owned in Philadelphia, where the office of
the Company is located.
The Freedom Iron Company's Works,
About three miles from Lewistown, in Mifflin county, are notable from
the fact that they were the first successful American manufacturers of
locomotive Tires. The first Iron works here, were built in 1811, to
use the Greenwood ore, a hydrated oxide of iron, generally called pipe
ore. The iron made from this ore was highly celebrated, and first gave
the distinctive title of " Juniata" to iron from this region. In 1847,
the Works, with the Greenwood furnace, came into the possession of
Messrs. John A. Wright & Co., under whose ownership they were
largely increased; making for years the celebrated Spring Wire Blooms,
produced by the admixture of the Greenwood ore with a peculiar fossil
ore found near their furnace in Huntingdon county.
In 1856, the Freedom Iron Company was organized, purchasing the
property of Messrs. John A. Wright & Co., and under the direction
of the senior partner, entered upon the manufacture of Railway axles,
bars for machinery uses, and locomotive Tires. Many attempts had
been made to produce these Tires in the United States previously,
but without success. This Company have been remarkably successful,
not only producing them equal to, but, as the Superintendents and
master machinists of many of the principal railroads testify, decidedly
superior to the English brands; thus demonstrating that this country
has not only the material but the skill to produce whatever may be
desired. The processes adopted by this Company in making these
Tires, include five successive forgings under large steam hammers
before the straight tire bar is produced, which is then heated and bent
480


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