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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of the West,   pp. 458-459


Page 458

458                      MANUFACTURES OF THE WEST.
MANUFACTURES OF THE WEST.
IN a country so recently settled as the Western States, and so abounding
in all the elements that reward agricultural labor, one would not expect to
find much development of the manufacturing arts; yet it appears that one-
fifth of the aggregate product of manufactures in 1860 is to be credited to
nine Western States, including, as such, Kentucky. It is, however, also
true that much the largest proportion of this product was of the commoner
and coarser articles, as flour, whiskey, lumber, etc., and that outside of the
principal cities comparatively little progress has yet been made in the
higher or artistic branches of manufactures.           It is also a remarkable fact
that there has been so little increase in the production of cotton and
woolen goods within ten years, some of the Western States having
reported a less value in 1860 than in 1850. Of the nine States, Ohio
takes first rank in manufacturing importance, and next to New York, was
the largest producer in the Union of Agricultural Implements and Flour
and Meal.      Illinois is also a large producer of agricultural implements,
and in products of distilleries was second only to New York. Michigan
is the leading State of the West in sawed and planed lumber; and Ken-
tucky takes precedence over all the other Western States in the production
of Woolen goods.
APPROXIMATE STATISTICS OF THE PRODUCTS OF MANU-
FACTURES IN THE WESTERN STATES FOR THE YEAR
ENDING JUNE 1, 1860.
Vol. of Raw Mate- Average No. of
States.       Manufac'g Capital in- rial used, includiag IHands Employ'd.  Value of
Etalhm'ts.  vested.        Fuel.       Male. Feumale. Ann'l Product,
Ohio..............................  10,710  $58,000,000  $70,000,000  69,800  11,400  $125,000,000
Indiana........................  5,120  18,875,000  27,360,000  20,600  710   43.250,000
Miehigan........................  2,530  24,000,000  19,000,000  22,860  1,260  35.200,000
Illinois...........................  4,100  27,700,000  33,500,000  23,500  870  56,750,000
Wisconsin.......................  3,120  10,500,000  17,250,000  16,320  770  28,500,000
Minnesota......................  562  2,388,310  1,904,070   2,104     19     3,373,172
Towa...............................  1,790  7,500,000  8,500,000  6,475  102  14.000,000
Missouri.........................  2,800  20,500,000  24,000,000  20,130  1,200  43.500,000
Kentucky ......................  3,160  20,000,000  21,380,000  20,580  1,460  36,330,000
Kansas ..........................  299  1,063,000  669,269   1,719  .........  2.800,000
Nebraska .......................  107  266,575    237,215      334      2       606,058
Total in Western States... 34,298  $196,872,885  $224,100,554  204,422  17,793  $390,209,230


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