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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Vermont,   pp. 455-457


Page 457

STATISTICS OF COTTON MANUFACTURES IN NEW ENGLAND. 45
more than one hundred different modifications have been introduced,
adapted to all the various departments of business in the civilized
world.
The works at which these scales are made are composed of about 20
structures of wood or brick, of all periods of erection and of all sizes, and
are less noteworthy than the system employed to secure reliable work.
The theory of individual responsibility is so fully carried out, that the
name or initials of the sealer is stamped on the working parts of each scale,
large or small, and thus any derangement or inaccuracy subsequently dis-
covered recurs directly to the workmen, who are frequently so anxious to
maintain their reputation, that they go long journeys at their own expense
for the purpose of investigating or correcting alleged imperfections.
For the manufacture of the smaller varieties, such as druggists' scales,
weighing single drachms, the firm have a manufactory in the city of New
York.     Fairbanks' scales are now         extensively    used in foreign countries,
and it is no exaggeration to say, that they have done more than all
other agencies combined to equalize the weight of commodities in com-
mercial transactions.
STATISTICS OF COTTOf MANUFACTURES IN NEW ENGLAND
FOR THE YEAR ENDING JUNE 1ST, 1860.
(Prepared at Census Office expressly for this work, and never before published.)
New      Ver-    lassa-   Rhode   Connecti- Total in  I Total in
Maine. Iam'shirej mont.  chusetts.  Island.    cut.   N.E.States. Unit dStates
No. Establishments,     19        44       8       217       153       12      570      1D083
Capital Invested,  $6,018,325 $12,586,88 $271,200  3,704,674 $10,052,200 $6,627,000 $69,260,279  $96,409,7 69
Lb,. Cotton used,  23,733.165 51,002,324 1,447.250 134,012,759 41,614,797 31,81,011 283,701,30(6 422.704,975
ValueRawMaterial, j3,319,335  7,128,19(i 181,030 17,224,502  5,799223 4,02S,406 37,60.78  157,:31.496
No. of Spindles,    281,056   630,78   17,600  1,673,498  814,554  435,460  3,858,612  5,235,727
"   Looms,          6,877    17333     362     42,779    17,315   8,75      93,34     126,313
Males Employed,       1,828     3.829     157    13,691     6,353    4,1 28   29,886     4G,766
Females do.           4,936     ,001      222    24,760     7,721    4,974    51,617     75,206
Annual Coot La     1,368.888 $2,888,604  $78,469 $7,798,476 $2,947,804 1,743.480 $16,725,720  $23,07,020
Val. Productin 1850, 64,630,616 $8,861,749 $2'0,300 -1,394,401 $!i,495,972$4122,32543,785,9919  $,501.687
1860, 6,235,6123 13,699.99  357.450 38,004,255 12,151,191 8,911,37 79,359,00  116,334,229
Increase per cent.     140.8     50      27.5     77.58     87.05   116.14     81.24       77.6
Product in Yards, 60,377,000 151,713,609 4,030,000 416,291,43 147,652,300 78,161,000  57,225,347 1,148.252,406
Yds. of Print Cloths, 3,000,000 25,621,730 2,10,000 76.691,280 79,734,S37 24,53',.515 211,067,3S2 271,857,000
Lbs. Yarn & Thread,  481,823  221,0010 576.000  3.776340  5,072,114 2,252,231  12,40.527  47,241.63
Bat'g, Wad'g. &c.  200,000  290,000  95,000  3.200,000  306240 1.557,000  5,648,21  12,9671156
Cordage & Swine.                            1,244,762  1,028,740 2.347.775  4,621.277  4,8769277
No. Seamless Hags, I 1,250,000; 2,800,100      145,600         1 730,000_ 4,925,600   6,235,600
114


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