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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Hartford,   pp. 406-423


Page 423

MANUFACTIRES OF NEW BRITAIN.
packing-houses-with  extensive saltpetre refineries and magazines,
cooper, iron, wood-working and machine shops-in all about 125 buildings
at their main works at Hazardville and Scitico, extending a distance of
over a mile in length and half a mile in width. To propel this vast mass
of machinery 25 waterwheels and 3 steam-engines are required.
This Company manufacture annually over a million dollars worth of
Powder of various kinds, known as Government, Sporting, Shipping,
and Mining Powder, of which large quantities at one time were exported
to Europe. During the Crimean War they supplied the British Govern-
ment with ten thousand barrels of powder, which officers of the British
Army certify was of very superior quality. The Works were founded
many years ago by Colonel A. G. HAZARD, who is now President of the
Company.
NEW BRITAIN, ten miles west by south from Hartford, on the Provi-
dence, Hartford and Fishkill Railroad, is distinguished for the intel-
ligent enterprise of its inhabitants, who, without water privileges of
any amount or any peculiar natural advantages, have established a
great variety of important manufactures. The Russel & Ervin Manu-
facturing Company have here an extensive manufactory of Locks and
miscellaneous Hardware,-a catalogue and price-list of the various arti-
cles made by them fills an octavo volume of over 200 pages. The Landers
& Smith Manufacturing Co. and P. & T. Corbin are also extensively en-
gaged in manufacturing Cabinet-Makers' and other Hardware. Besides
these, Saddlery Hardware is made by the North & Judd Manufacturing
Company and H. Butler & Son; Wrought and Cast Iron Door Bolts,
Hinges, etc., at the Stanley Works ; Sash Fasteners, Window Springs,
Axle Pulleys, etc., by Judd & Blakeslee ; Malleable Castings at the
Malleable Iron Works; Wrought Cow and Sheep Bells by Charles
L. Baldwin; Hooks and Eyes by North, Stanley & Co.; " Isham's
Patent" Bank and Safe Locks by the New Britain Bank-Lock Co.;
Umbrella Frames by J. Shepard & Co.; and miscellaneous Hardware by
the Humason Beckley Manufacturing Company and Edward Doon.
The Stanley Rule and Level Company, who are leading manufacturers
of Rules, Levels, and Squares, have their works in New Britain.
In addition to Hardware, there is a manufactory of Jewelry (Church-
hill, Stanley & Co. proprietors) ; and the New Britain Knitting Co. are
manufacturing cotton and woolen Shirts and Drawers largely. There
are also three manufactories of Shirts-of which the proprietors are
William Bingham, J. N. Lee & Co., and Julius Parker. The various
establishments produce annually about $2,500,000.
At Kensington, near New Britain, the Hart Manufacturing Co. have
an important manufactory of Builders' and miscellaneous Hardware.
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