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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution : and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Taunton,   pp. 319-331

Page 329

coming of age he went to the city of New York, and attempted manu-
facturing Tacks by horse power, but after a few months removed to
Taunton, and was employed by Crocker & Richmond, the extensive
nail manufacturers, with whom he remained for about nine years.
In 1827, in a small building, on the site of his present Works, he com-
menced to manufacture Brads, with one machine, built by himself.
In 1830, he purchased one of Reed's Tack Machines, and employed
Elijah S. Caswell to run it. This person has been in his employ since
that time, and has made great improvements on both the Reed and
Blanchard machines.
In 1831, he employed Otis Allen (who is still with the firm) to take
charge of the packing, and to him much credit is due for his efficient
management of the packing and shipping departments since that time.
Under Mr. Field's judicious management the business prospered,
one machine after another was built, the buildings were from time to
time enlarged, improvements in the, methods of manufacturing were
originated or adopted, until now he is the head of the leading concern
in his business in America.
Like most men who have achieved success by their own endeavors,
Mr. Field has given evidence of possessing an original and ingenious
mind. He designed and was the first manufacturer of that peculiar form
of tack known as the gimp tack, for fastening linings on carriages and
furniture. 1le drove out of the American market the English clout
nails, by producing a different and much superior nail for the same
purposes, and at a less price ; and by various improvements in ma-
chinery, succeeded in producing Tacks of an uniform thickness and
quality, until, now, Field & Sons' Tacks are a staple of American com-
merce, and are exported not only to the West Indies, South America,
and Australia, but to Germany, Africa, China, and in fact to nearly all
parts of the world.
Mr. Field is no less estimable as a man than eminent as a manufac-
turer. He has aimed to invest the profits of his business so as to yield
the greatest good to the greatest number of his fellow-citizens. le was
one of the original projectors of the gas works in the city of Taunton,
and is now President of the Company. He also established the Taun-
ton Foundry and Machine Company, and the Mount Hope Iron Com-
pany at Somerset, Massachusetts. As an employer he has been re-
gardful of the interests and welfare of his workmen, and is rewarded
with their good-will and attachment.  Though not a member of
any church organization, he has contributed liberally to aid in the
erection of houses of worship; and of one church in Taunton,
which, when finished, will cost over $50,000, he and his sons have

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