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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution : and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Lowell,   pp. 313-315

Page 315

establishments that employ, in the aggregate, about 2,500 hands. Pro-
minent among them, are the Chase Mills (A. H1. Chase, proprietor),
which produce 350,000 yards of Fancy Cassimeres, annually; the
Belvidere Woollen Manufacturing Company ; the Flannel Mills of
Charles A. Spott, Faulkner & Son, John Holt & Co., And Livingston
& Carter; the Lowell Felting Mills ; the Eagle Braid Works ; the
American Bolt Company ; the Machine Shops of S. Ashton, Thomas
Atherton, B. F. Stevens and Richard Kitson, builders of English
Cotton Lappers, and Shoddy and Waste Machines ; the Foundry of
Cole & Nichols ; the Spool and Bobbin Manufactories of Edward
Watson and Parker & Cheney ; the Carriage Manufactory of Samuel
Convers ; the United States Bunting Manufacturing Company ; the
Wire Gauze Mills of Woods, Sherwood & Co. ; the Card Clothing
Factory of Howe & Goodhue; and, last, the great Laboratory of J.
C. Ayer & Co.
Dr. Ayer's medicinal preparations are, perhaps, more widely and
familiarly known in this and foreign countries than the products of any
other manufacturing establishment in Lowell. This firm expend, an-
nually, about $60,000 in advertising in newspapers, besides distribu
ing, gratuitously, five million copies of an Almanac, which is printed
by steam power, in their own establishment, in the English, French,
German, Portuguese and Spanish languages. As a consequence of this
extended publicity, they require, annually, in their manufacture, 288,000
pounds of drugs, of the value of $457,000; 132,000 gallons of pure
spirit, of the value of $130,000 ; and 354,000 pounds sugar, costing
about $60,180-making an annual expenditure, for these three items
alone, of $647,180. Besides these, Messrs. Ayor & Co. use, annually,
in their establishment, 1,100,000 bottles, 1,720,000 pill boxes, 350,000
square feet of packing boxes, and 91,000 square feet of card board-
while the cost of the paper and printing ink consumed is about $64,500
per year. Boxes are sent from this mammoth Laboratory to almost
every quarter of the globe, at an annual expense to the firm, for freight
alone, of about $20,000 ; and their expenditure for postage is about
$2,500 per year-an amount probably exceeding that of any other firm
in Massachusetts.

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