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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution : and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Lowell,   pp. 313-315

Page 314

wool, and 18,000 pounds of glue. Oliver H. Perry is Agent of the
The LAWRENCE MANUFACTURING COMPANY has 5 Mills, a capital of
$1,500,000, runs 60,432 spindles, 1,564 looms, employs 1,300 females,
350 males, and produces weekly 280,000 yards of Drillings, Printing
Cloths, Sheetings and Shirtings, and 6,000 dozen Hosiery. William
F. Salmon is Agent of the Company.
The other Cotton Mills are as follows
The APPLETON COMPANY-3 Mills; capital, $600,000; spindles,
20,608 ; looms, 717 ; females employed, 400; males, 120; weekly
product, 130,000 yards Sheetings and Shirtings, Nos. 14 and 20.
George Motley has been Agent of the Company since 1831.
The SUFFOLK MANUFACTURING COMPANY-2 Mills; capital, $600,000;
spindles, 21,986 ; looms, 892 ; females employed, 625 ; males, 275 ; week-
ly product, 125,000 yards Cotton, and 7,500 yards Woollen goods. John
Wright has been Agent of the Company since 1842.
The TREMONT MILLs-2 Mills; capital, $600,000; spindles, 25,960;
looms, 830 ; females employed, 608 ; males, 272; weekly product,
125,000 yards Cotton, and 8,000 yards Woollen goods. Charles F.
Battles, Agent.
The BOOTT COTTON MILLs-5 Mills; capital, $1,200,000; spindles,
71,324; looms, 1,878 ; females employed, 1,020 ; males, 290 ; iveekly
product, 350,000 yards Drillings, No. 14, Sheetings, Shirtings, and
Print Cloths. William A. Burke, Agent.
The MASSACHUSETTS COTTON MILLs-6 Mills; capital, $1,800,000
spindles, 62,928 ; looms, 1,887 ; females employed, 1,300 ; males, 400
weekly product in 1867, 540,000 yards of Sheetings, Shirtings and
Drillings, No. 12 to 22. Frank F. Battles has been the Agent of the
Company since 1856.
The LOWELL BLEACHERY has a capital of $300,000, employs 40
females and 360 males, and dyes 15,000,000 yards, and bleaches
8,000,000 pounds per annum. Frank P. Appleton, Agent.
The LOWELL MACHINE Suor has 4 shops, a smithy and foundry, em-
ploys 900 men, and produces Cotton Machinery, Paper Machinery,
Locomotives, Machinists' Tools and Mill Work. Andrew Moody has
been Agent of the Company since 1862.
The average wages of the females, employed in the mills at Lowell,
was, in 1867, $3.60 per week, clear of board; and of the males, $1.20
to $2.00 per day, clear of board. The medium produce of a loom of
No. 14 yarn was 45 yards per day; of No. 30 yarn, 33 yards; and
the average per spindle was 11 yards per day.
In addition to these great mills, Lowell contains other manufacturing

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