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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution : and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Boston,   pp. 276-312 ff.

Page 312

a machine shop and sawing and planing mill, and the Oil Works (whidh
by the winter of 1862-3 were sufficiently advanced to manufacture
Oil), and substantial framed houses ready for the workmen, who, with
their families, numbered a population of five hundred people. This
was accomplished only at the expense of much hard labor and discom-
fort, for the forest was very dense and heavy, and much of the soil a
stiff clay, which required extensive surface-drainage to build the roads
and carry off the surface-water of the rains, and the numerous rivulets
from the neighboring hills; but at the elevation of fifteen hundred feet
above tide-water, the climate was clear and bracing, and proved very
healthy. Since the beginning of the enterprise, the increase of popu-
lation has been constant, and now the city of Corry contains about
seven thousand inhabitants, and is the seat of many iuimuficturing
establishments of various kinds. It is the junction of four railroads-
the Atlantic and Great Western, the Philadelphia and Erie, Buffalo
and Oil Creek Cross cut Railways ; and it is the great northern outlet
of the Oil Region of Western Pennsylvania.
The rapid extension of the oil product is one of the marvels of the
present century. Though only ten years have elapsed since its success
as an illuminator has been established, its annual production is now
ten times larger than that of the whale fishery when in its zenith it
employed between seven and eight hundred vessels. It is a prominent
article of export to almost every part of the European continent; from
three to four hundred manufacturing establishments, some of them of
great magnitude, are employed in its production and purification, and
towns, and even cities, are the outgrowth of its discovery.
The Nforks of the Downer Kerosene Oil Company are all built of
brick, in the most substantial manner, and fire proof, and in both places
cover about seven acres of ground. They consume.nearly four millions
of gallons of crude petroleum annually, and produce an article that
has no superior for its entire safety, the brilliancy of its light, and the
perfection of its purification. It has been the constant aim of Mr.
Downer, and those associated with him, to maintain the excellence of
their products, without regard to the expense necessary to accomplish
it, and they have been rewarded by the reputation which their brand
has obtained in all markets. Their Works in Boston have been con-
tinued in active operation through all the vicissitudes, and rapid, and
at times disastrous fluctuations incidental to the new business, and with
the branch in Corry, which is a Refinery as well as a place of deposit,
are together accomplishing the object of their erection in supplying
consumers with an illuminator safe, cheap, and brilliant.

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