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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Boston,   pp. 276-312 ff.


Page 277

MANUFACTURES OF BOSTON.                                    77
No. of        A
Establish-   Capital      Raw         Male    Female    Value of
Manufactures,       ments.      invested,   material.    hands.   hands.   product.
Instruments, mathematical     2 .....  $13,000 .....  $7,000......  9  ....  ......  $24,500
Instruments, surgical............  1......  .15,000......  853......  5......  ......  10,000
Instruments, telegraphic.......  1......  20,000      9,000.....  15......  ......  20,000
Japanned  ware..................... . .  8,000......  6,400......  22......  ......  19,300
Jew elry................................  9......  14,030  .....  15,653......  31......  1......  4:3,800
Lasts  ...................................  5......  14,905......  5,3 13   44......  ......  53,395
Leather  ...............................7   103,000......  384,235......  143......  ......  573,250
Leather belting.....................  1......  9,500......  19,400 . 9......  ......  27,600
Liquors, distilled......... ......  5......  266,000.....  688,020......  34......  ......  766,000
Liquors, malt ................  6......  118,500......  133,670   69....  65.....  .. ...  336,604
Locomotives, etc................  1......  25,00080......                   ......  80,000
Lumber, planed..............  6......  74,600......  670,650.i...  81......  ......  807,250
Machinery, st'm-engines, etc. 28 ......  646,100......  400,606  650......  ......  972,650
Marble.. .............................. 22. 242,200.  242,841......  454......  ......  501,800
Masts............................ ......  0......   37,50...... 7,950 . 29......  ......  93,000
M atches...............................  1   30,000   33,450       8      60......   65,000
M ilitary  caps  .....................  1......  4,000  .....  10,000......  16   2   30,000
Millinery ...................  18......  44,500......  123,550......  10  157......  238,456
Mineral waters.............   ..      47,000......  31,128       52......  ......  122,774
Musical instruments,
Miscellaneous (1).       4 .....   88.200 ....  34,249......  Ill......  ......  114,100
Pianofortes........ ........  16 .....  823,000 . 51,768.   730......  ...... 1,461,500
Oil, linseed......................... 3 ..  400,000  .....  805,200  .....  96......  6......  957,900
lard,..............................  2. 32,000 .....  122,500......  13......  ......  149,850
 water........................... I. 6,000 .    15,800......  3......  ......  20,000
kerosene ................  4 .....  20,000.     428,439......  166......  ......  883,500
ewhale.. ....................... 2. 55,000......  108.640.  11......  ......  128,110
curriers'................  1......  4,000......  6,283.       2.      2......    8,500
Paper hangings..............  2.       22,500.       20,750.      29.      3 .....  66,500
Picture frames.. ................. 15. 64,700 .....  96,610 .....  107......  ......  183,600
Preserved  pickles and fruit.....  2  .....  70,000......  122,100......  45......  42......  177,250
Printing, book and job.      23......  285,200......  381,396......  308......  54. 65,522
"     newspaper ..........  77......  1,176,500......  790,137......  743......  150......  1,703,280
Printing presses...............  I......  200,000......  30,180. 3....  100......  ......  103,500
Pumps and blocks.............  6......  23,700......  14,000......  ......  4....... 0,300
R iggin ... ............................  2......  20,600......  22,548......  28  .....  ......  46,000
Rooing, composition...........  5......  14,100  .....  29,780. 3....  34  ......  ......  66,000
Roofing, slate.................   I......  12,000......  57,600...... 20  .....  ......  70,000
Saddlery and harness............  23.   74,000......  104,336    178......  9......  216,310
Sails........................1.... ..............9,060...        .46.... 46 .....  ...... .  92,280
Salt (ground).................  3......  60,000......  37,190......  14. ....  12 ......  75,000
Saltpetre...............................  1......  3,000......  18,000....  ......  2......  23,500
Sash, doors and  blinds...........  4......  10,900   13,235......  25......  ......  27,800
Sewing  machines..................  6......  236,000......  57,405......  451......  5......  1,045,OO
(1) The manufacture of Musical Instruments, exclusive of Pianofortes, is a more ex-
tensive business in Boston than the census returns indicate..
MAsON & HAMLIN'S manufactory of Cabinet Organs is the largest of its kind in the
Union. They have the capacity of making a hundred a week, or five thousand a year.
E. & G. IoOK employ in their Organ Manufactory at Roxbury 50 hands, and for the
last three years have averaged 22 Church Organs annually, some of them very large.
W. B. D. SIMMONs & Co. have also an extensive manufactory of Church Organs on
Charles Street. Besides these, we find in a late Directory the names of S. D. & I. W.
Smith, William   Stevens, Walter Crosby, Georke Freemantle, Graves & Co., Charles W.
Lawrence, Benjamin F. Richardson, Charles Stumeka (Guitar), the Wright Musical In-
strument Company, White Brothers, and James I. White, as manufacturers of musical
instruments. exclusive of the Pianoforte manufacturers.


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